February 7, 2011 / 11:19 AM / 9 years ago

Timeline: Protests in Egypt

(Reuters) - Here is a timeline of events in Egypt since protests began.

January 25 - Thousands of Egyptians demand an end to President Hosni Mubarak’s rule and clash with police in a “Day of Wrath” of anti-government demonstrations inspired by the downfall of Tunisia’s President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali on January 14.

— Protests also take place in Ismailia and Suez, east of Cairo, and in other Nile Delta cities.

January 26 - In unprecedented scenes, police fight with thousands of Egyptians who defy a government ban to protest against Mubarak’s rule. Security forces arrest about 500 demonstrators over the two days, the Interior Ministry says.

January 27 - Mohamed ElBaradei, reform campaigner and former head of the IAEA, arrives in Cairo.

January 28 - At least 24 people are killed and more than 1,000 injured in clashes throughout Egypt, 13 are killed in Suez. Mubarak extends a curfew to all cities in Egypt.

— Mubarak orders troops and tanks into cities overnight to quell demonstrations. Thousands cheer at the news of the intervention of the army, which is seen as neutral, unlike the police who are regularly deployed to stifle dissent.

January 29 - Mubarak sacks his cabinet but refuses to step down. Protesters stream back into Cairo’s central Tahrir Square in the early hours after Mubarak’s announcement.

— Later Mubarak picks intelligence chief Omar Suleiman as vice-president.

— Thousands of protesters continue to roam the streets after a curfew starts. Egyptians form vigilante groups and assign private doormen armed with sticks to guard property after police withdraw from the streets.

January 30 - U.S. President Barack Obama urges an “orderly transition” to democracy in Egypt, stopping short of calling on Mubarak to step down.

January 31 - Egypt’s army says it will not use force against Egyptians staging protests. It says freedom of expression is guaranteed to all citizens using peaceful means.

— Egypt swears in a new government. Suleiman says Mubarak has asked him to start dialogue with all political forces.

— Thousands in Tahrir Square hours after curfew, in a good-natured gathering, call for the president to quit.

February 1 - Mubarak declares he will surrender power when his term ends in September, offering a mixture of concessions and defiance in a televised statement.

— about 1 one million Egyptians protest throughout the country for Mubarak to step down immediately.

— Egypt’s central bank says banks will remain closed for a third day.

February 2 - The army calls for protesters to leave the streets and curfew hours are eased. Crowds gather in Tahrir Square for a ninth day of protest, rejecting Mubarak’s timetable to leave.

— Troops make no attempt to intervene as violence breaks out between pro- and anti-Mubarak groups in Tahrir Square. Anti-government protesters say the attackers were police in civilian clothes.

— A Foreign Ministry statement rejects U.S. and European calls for political transition to start immediately.

February 3 - Gunmen fire on anti-government protesters in Cairo, where about 10 are killed and more than 830 injured in fighting. At least 150 people have been killed during the protests so far. The United Nations estimates that 300 people have died in the unrest.

— In the northeast, 4,000 people start a march in Suez calling for Mubarak to step down.

Feb 4 - Thousands of Egyptians gather in Tahrir Square to again press for an end to Mubarak’s 30-year rule, in what they call the “Day of Departure.”

February 5 - Gamal Mubarak, son of the president, resigns from the leadership of Egypt’s ruling party.

February 6 - Opposition groups, including the banned Muslim Brotherhood, hold talks with the government, chaired by the vice-president. They say a core demand for the removal of Mubarak is not met. The sides agree to draft a road map for talks and a committee is set up to study constitutional issues.

— Banks re-open after a week-long closure.

— Thousands gather in Tahrir Square joining noon prayers to honor “martyrs” killed in the bloodshed.

February 7 - The new cabinet is due to hold its first full meeting.

— Protesters camped out in Tahrir Square vow to stay until Mubarak quits and hope to take their campaign to the streets on February 8 and February 11.

— The stock market remains closed.

(For full Reuters Africa coverage and to have your say on the top issues, visit: africa.reuters.com/)

Writing by David Cutler, London Editorial Reference Unit; editing by Andrew Dobbie

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