WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Bankers guffawed and groaned at a top U.S. regulator when she told them they should embrace financial crisis-inspired reforms.
She responded by portraying them as ungrateful.
In one of the most bitter exchanges between a top official and bankers since the financial crisis, Federal Deposit Insurance Corp Chairman Sheila Bair got exasperated on Wednesday when her appearance at an American Bankers Association event turned into a gripe fest.
In an expansive hotel ballroom, executives of mostly smaller banks complained about new restrictions on overdraft fees and about regulation in general, including the Dodd-Frank financial reform law.
Bair responded by saying the industry needed to stop focusing on what it does not like, and try to work more with regulators on changes that could benefit the industry.
She said Dodd-Frank was good for community banks because, among other things, it drives down small banks’ deposit insurance costs, while hammering larger firms with more restrictions.
“Is there ever times when you can acknowledge what regulators have done to help the stability of the industry? What the FDIC has done? What, frankly, Dodd-Frank did? I think there needs to be some acknowledgment of that,” Bair said.
Audience members who complained about Dodd-Frank did not provide specific examples of what troubled them.
Since the law was enacted, community banking groups have complained it will raise compliance costs even if larger banks are the specific targets. As prime examples they cite a crackdown on debit card fees and the new consumer bureau.
“The only thing these new regulations are doing for us is raising our costs,” a Vermont banker told Bair.
Bair asked if the community bankers in the room wanted to repeal Dodd-Frank and give up the benefits targeted at them.
The question got huge cheers.
“I can’t believe this. I really can’t believe this,” Bair said.
In her speech to the group, Bair argued that the biggest threat to the industry is a reluctance to embrace reforms that could restore its badly-bruised reputation with the public and its proper role in the economy.
“The biggest long-term risk to the success of the banking industry would be its failure to support the reforms needed to ensure long-term stability in our financial markets and our economy,” she said.
Bair’s speech came on the third day of the ABA’s government relations conference in Washington D.C. It was largely attended by community bankers who came to town, in part, to lobby lawmakers to roll back, or soften, Dodd-Frank.
The ABA represents banks of all sizes, but its conferences tend to largely draw executives from smaller banks.
Bair tried to persuade the audience that Dodd-Frank is almost completely targeted at large banks.
Then she mentioned that the new Consumer Financial Protection Bureau could help bankers eliminate some of the paperwork involved in mortgage disclosures, drawing more groans.
Bair argued that throughout her five-year term at the FDIC, that ends in June, she has been a champion of smaller banks.
She has consistently praised small banks for being better than their larger peers at extending loans, especially during the recession. And she has fought to end the perception that big banks are “too big to fail,” saying that perception drives up smaller banks’ borrowing costs.
In recent weeks, she noted, the FDIC advocated for changes to a crackdown on fees banks can charge merchants when debit cards are used. She said the current Federal Reserve proposal could harm small banks.
“I think my tenure at the FDIC has shown that I am not the enemy of community banks, quite the opposite,” she said.
Bair also said the American Bankers Association represents both large and small banks, which have different interests in trying to repeal Dodd-Frank.
She said Dodd-Frank hits large banks harder through its restrictions on risky trading, its greater oversight of derivatives and its attempts to end “too big to fail.”
“They’re really facing the brunt of this. The community banks are not. But I think the community banks agitate for the repeal of Dodd-Frank in a way that would raise their premiums,” Bair said.
“I would just encourage you to think for yourselves.”
Reporting by Dave Clarke; Editing by Dave Zimmerman and Tim Dobbyn