State Street pays full price in forex settlement

SAN FRANCISCO/BOSTON (Reuters) - The only U.S. state pension fund known to have settled with State Street Corp STT.N over recent foreign exchange trading issues received its "full demand" from the bank, records show, terms that could lay the groundwork for deals elsewhere.

The Washington State Investment Board reached an $11.7 million agreement with the custodial bank last October, without filing a lawsuit. Other states such as California, Virginia and Florida are taking legal action against custodial banks on behalf of their retirement funds.

State Street and Bank of New York Mellon BK.N face whistleblower allegations that they charged unfairly high prices for currency trading transactions, inflating their own profits. They reject accusations of wrongdoing.

The lawsuits accuse the banks of charging higher prices than the trades actually were executed at -- often the highest price of the day. The banks allegedly deceived the pension funds by giving false reports of the real price.

In the Washington dispute, state officials asserted State Street made trades “inconsistent with the contracts” it had to manage public money, according to a settlement document.

The $11.7 million obtained by the WSIB represents the “full demand” that officials representing the pension fund made to the bank, according to minutes from a WSIB subcommittee meeting last November.

On Thursday, WSIB executive director Theresa Whitmarsh confirmed that the board received 100 cents on the dollar for its forex claims. The fund also paid no attorneys fees, a state lawyer said at the November meeting.


The pact could be a guidepost for deals State Street might be willing to cut elsewhere, said Rick Smith, managing director of Forex Advisor, a training company in Tucson, Arizona.

To put the payment in context, the WSIB manages $77 billion in assets. In Florida, plaintiffs have alleged BNY Mellon defrauded a $128 billion retirement fund of at least $30 million over a period of years.”

“My suspicion is that if <State Street> were willing to settle for $11.7 million, they were probably aware that could set a precedent for other states,” Smith said.

State Street spokeswoman Carolyn Cichon said the bank’s contractual obligations to Washington State were “significantly different” than in the states where suits are under way.

Asked if the Washington settlement details implied the company might make similar full payments to other states, Cichon said: “It wouldn’t be accurate to make a correlation between this and the others.”

The California lawsuit, made public in 2009, prompted Washington’s investigation into its own forex arrangements, according to the Washington State Treasurer’s office.

An October press release from Washington state officials says the dispute arose over the pricing of foreign exchange transactions between 1997 and 2007 when State Street served as custodian for the state’s investment board. There was no admission of wrongdoing in the settlement.


State Street has not made executives available for interviews on the foreign exchange issues, citing the ongoing litigation.

But Chief Executive Joseph Hooley played down the impact when asked about the legal claims during a meeting with analysts on February 10 in New York.

“With regards to foreign exchange, hot topic in the news these days, it feels to me like a little bit of an old story,” Hooley said, according to a transcript of the meeting.

The $11.7 million Washington state payment is just a small fraction of State Street’s total 2010 revenue of $8.95 billion. Analysts have not seemed alarmed about the issue and did not press Hooley at the analyst forum, the transcript shows.

Hooley noted the bank offers various trading deals to customers ranging from those who want to negotiate directly to those who want smaller trades bundled with other services.

The latter type, he said, “is where most of the noise that you read about is.”

One plaintiff’s lawyer pursuing claims against State Street was encouraged by Washington State’s recovery.

“Based on a settlement of 100 cents on a dollar, this should be a wake-up call to all firms to examine the forex issue,” said Eric Belfi, a partner at law firm Labaton Sucharow representing an Arkansas pension fund in a proposed class action against State Street on similar forex issues.

Reporting by Dan Levine and Ross Kerber; Editing by Martha Graybow and Tim Dobbyn