PARIS (Reuters) - France, which is at the bottom of EU rankings for ultra-fast fiber optic broadband coverage, sees 2025 as a new goal for rolling out the technology across the country, the head of France’s digital agency told Reuters.
President Emmanuel Macron, who wants to turn France into a “start up nation”, has made universal access to fast broadband a key priority to stimulate the economy.
In 2013, the former government announced a 20 billion-euro ($24 billion) plan to bring the high-speed broadband service to every household and business by 2022, using several different technologies (fiber optic, copper network, coaxial cable, wireless technology).
Antoine Darodes, who heads France’s digital agency said: “After 2022, we’d have to finalize the roll out of FTTH (“fiber to the home”) throughout the whole country by 2025.”
All decisions have not yet been made on this goal in terms of financing, he said in an interview.
France currently ranks 24th among EU members in subscriptions to fast broadband, according to the European Commission.
Telecoms operators and government bodies have raised questions in the past few months over the time frame and cost projections of the government’s plans.
France’s public accounting office said in January the total sum needed to install the fast broadband network and connect all households and businesses would amount to 34.9 billion euros ($41 billion), which is 14.9 billion more than a first estimate in 2013.
Altice’s SFR Group, France’s second biggest telecom operator after Orange, said in July it intended to roll out a fiber optic network across France on its own, breaking away from the government’s initial plan that included 13-14 billion euros of investments by the state and local authorities to cover rural areas.
“Altice-SFR’s proposal solves two issues currently faced by the central and local governments: the delays caused by the complexity and lack of efficiency of the current schemes, and the sharp increase in public spending...,” SFR in a statement in July.
Darodes said the government welcomed SFR’s position, provided that the company, founded by Franco-Israeli tycoon Patrick Drahi, did not call into question existing public investments and does not do “cherry-picking” if it invests in less populated areas.
“SFR can have its independent strategy,” Darodes said. “In my view, it’s not achievable on the long term for the whole country,” he said, adding that the government would be vigilant regarding the operator’s commitments.
“We want to own our network because it better suits our cost model base as we use our own in-house technology,” an SFR spokesman said, adding that announcements will be made on the company’s roll-out plan and financing in future weeks.
Separately, Darodes said talks were under way on mobile internet coverage between French telecoms regulator Arcep and the country’s four telecom operators Orange, SFR, Iliad and Bouygues Telecom.
Arcep, which aims to improve mobile broadband coverage in less densely populated areas, said in July it intended to bring forward a review of obligations on frequency license holders to add new regulatory constraints on operators.
The four operators, which rely on the permits to transport voice and data services, could see the related license auctions dropped and taxes lowered in exchange for higher coverage of the fourth generation of mobile internet, or 4G, in more sparsely inhabited rural areas, Darodes said.
Editing by Jane Merriman and Adrian Croft