January 31, 2018 / 2:11 PM / in 2 months

Germany's political deadlock takes toll on consumers - retail body

BERLIN (Reuters) - Germany’s months-long political deadlock contributed to weaker retail sales data in December, suppressing consumers’ appetite for goods and services, the country’s leading retail association said on Wednesday.

FILE PHOTO - Pedestrians walk past a store window advertising up to 50 percent discount during winter sales in Berlin, January 9, 2014, REUTERS/Fabrizio Bensch

Germany has been without a government since an election in September that weakened Chancellor Angela Merkel’s conservatives. They are now in talks with the center-left Social Democrats (SPD) on renewing a coalition that governed Germany from 2013 to 2017.

“Consumers finally want to have a government,” said Stefan Genth, secretary-general of the HDE retail association, after data showed retail sales had fallen by 1.9 percent both on the month and on the year in December.

The fall was also partly linked to December having had two fewer working days than in 2016. The retail sales readings of the highly volatile indicator for November were revised down.

The data belied a consumption-based growth cycle in Europe’s largest economy, fueled by rising real wages, record low unemployment and the cheap-money environment created by the European Central Bank (ECB).

Merkel’s first attempt to form a three-way alliance with the ecologist Greens and the pro-business Free Democrats collapsed suddenly in November, forcing her to turn to the SPD.

The economy has weathered the political crisis resulting from an inconclusive election on Sept. 24 that brought the anti-immigrant, eurosceptic Alternative for Germany (AfD) party into parliament for the first time and made coalition building more difficult.

The German economy grew by 2.2 percent last year and the government on Wednesday raised it growth forecast for 2018 to 2.4 percent, citing consumption and a robust labor market as the backbone of the growth cycle.


The HDE retail association said it expected sales to rise by 2 percent this year, lower than the 4.1 percent growth recorded last year.

“We are cautious people,” HDE president Josef Sanktjohanser said of the forecast, adding that the December dip in sales was followed by a start to 2018 that was “not so euphoric”.

But the bigger picture for consumption remains positive. Retail sales grew 2.3 percent in real terms last year on the whole, and a survey last week showed consumer morale rose heading into February, unperturbed by the political deadlock.

Separate data published on Wednesday showed that the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate fell to 5.4 percent in January, the lowest level since German reunification in 1990.

The economy has also benefited from rising exports, as demand from euro zone partners enjoying a solid recovery as well as from China and the United States increase demand for German goods and services.

The government expects exports to grow by 5.3 percent this year.

Additional reporting by Emma Thomasson and Gernot Heller; Editing by Gareth Jones

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