ROME (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A third of the world’s oceans are overfished, with fish consumption at a record high, according to report published on Monday by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.
Here are some facts and figures from the report:-
- Global fish production peaked at about 171 million tonnes in 2016, 47 percent of it from fish farming.
- Stocks fished within sustainable levels declined to 66.9 percent in 2015, from 90 percent in 1974.
- Levels of underfished stocks also decreased steadily from 1974 to 2015 and now stand at 7 percent of total assessed stocks.
- Growth in global fish consumption between 1961 and 2016 was 3.2 percent - twice population growth of 1.6 percent.
- In 2015, fish accounted for about 17 percent of the animal protein consumed globally.
- In Bangladesh, Cambodia, Gambia, Ghana, Indonesia, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka and some small island developing states, fish contributed 50 percent or more of total animal protein intake.
- Europe, Japan and the United States of America accounted for 20 percent of the world’s total fish consumption - 149 million tonnes - in 2015.
- China is the world’s largest fish producer and consumer, accounting for 38 percent consumption in 2015, fueled by growing domestic income.
- Fisheries employ 59.6 million people globally, nearly 14 percent of them women.
- The total number of fishing vessels in the world in 2016, from small undecked and unmotorized boats to large sophisticated industrial vessels, was estimated to be about 4.6 million.
Reporting By Thin Lei Win @thinink, Editing by Claire Cozens.; Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women's rights, corruption and climate change. Visit www.trust.org