NEW YORK (Reuters) - Oil prices eased on Thursday, pulling back after U.S. President Donald Trump urged OPEC to increase production at its meeting in Algeria, and slowing bullish momentum that had previously propelled the market toward four-year highs.
Global benchmark Brent has been trading just below $80 a barrel, near its highest level in almost four years, on expectations that U.S. sanctions against Iran, OPEC’s third biggest producer, will reduce global supply.
“We’re stuck in a range here,” said Tariq Zahir, managing member at Tyche Capital Advisors in New York, with prices supported by the U.S. sanctions on Iranian supplies and pressured by the potential that Chinese demand could wane.
Trump has imposed sanctions in response to Iran’s nuclear program that are to go into full effect on Nov. 4. Many buyers have already cut Iranian purchases ahead of the new regulations. It is unclear whether producers such as Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Russia can compensate for lost supply.
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and other producers, including Russia, meet on Sunday in Algeria to discuss how to allocate supply increases to offset the loss of Iranian barrels.
(GRAPHIC: Iran crude oil shipments from Jan 2016 to August 2018: reut.rs/2p69koR)
The meeting is unlikely to agree to an official rise in crude output, although pressure is mounting to prevent a spike in prices.
Trump weighed into the debate via Twitter, saying, “The OPEC monopoly must get prices down now!”
“We protect the countries of the Middle East, they would not be safe for very long without us, and yet they continue to push for higher and higher oil prices! We will remember,” Trump tweeted.
In the range-bound market, Trump’s tweets may drive prices down slightly, said Tyche’s Zahir, predicting that such tweets from the president would probably continue with the U.S. midterm elections fast approaching.
“The last thing that he is going to want to have happen is diesel prices and oil prices hitting highs when people are going to the voting booth,” Zahir said. The mid-term elections on Nov. 6 will determine if Republicans maintain control of both the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives.
Still, many traders and analysts expect Brent to move above $80 soon.
“Brent is definitely fighting the $80 line, wanting to break above,” said SEB Markets chief commodities analyst Bjarne Schieldrop. “But this is likely going to break very soon.”
BNP Paribas oil strategist Harry Tchilinguirian told the Reuters Global Oil Forum: “Eighty-dollar-per-barrel Brent is a psychological level, and unsurprisingly, as we approach it, it gets sold into as some market participants take profit.
“As more evidence gathers that Iranian oil exports are heading sharply down,” Tchilinguririan said, “the more emboldened the oil market is likely to be to test, and breach this level.”
Reporting by Jessica Resnick-Ault; Additional reporting by Christopher Johnson in London, Aaron Sheldrick and Osamu Tsukimori in Tokyo; Editing by David Gregorio and Leslie Adler
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