CHICAGO (Reuters) - A mist inhaler used to improve breathing in people with lung diseases including chronic bronchitis and emphysema may increase their risk of dying by 52 percent, U.S. and British researchers said on Tuesday.
The increased risk occurred in patients who used the Spiriva Respimat inhaler, a newer device made by privately held Boehringer Ingelheim. It delivers a soluble form of Spiriva, known generically as tiotropium.
The inhaler is used to treat Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or COPD, the fourth-leading cause of death worldwide, which includes the chronic lung diseases emphysema and bronchitis. COPD is usually due to decades of smoking.
“What we think is going on is that the mist inhaler is delivering a higher concentration of tiotropium than it should be and that may be increasing the risk of death,” Dr. Sonal Singh of Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, who led the study, said in a statement.
The inhaler recently won approval for use in Britain and Europe, but failed to win a nod from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, which noted an excess number of deaths in a study of 17,000 patients. Instead, the FDA said it wanted more proof the inhaler was safe.
The new study, published in the British Medical Journal, is based on an analysis of data from five clinical trials involving 6,500 people.
It found that the risk of death in patients using the tiotropium Respimat inhaler was 52 percent higher than patients who used a placebo.
“We estimate that there will be one additional death for every 124 patients treated for a year with tiotropium Respimat,” Dr. Yoon Loke of Norwich Medical School at the University of East Anglia, who worked on the study, said in a statement.
He said some of the added risk stems from patients dying of heart trouble, especially for those with existing heart problems that may be made worse with use of the product.
Most COPD sufferers use inhalers to help them breathe and more than half a million prescriptions for tiotropium inhalers were issued in the United Kingdom last year.
Editing by Eric Walsh