BAGHDAD (Reuters) - Iraq’s Shi’ite-led government on Tuesday barred three ministers from a Sunni-backed bloc who had been boycotting cabinet meetings; the formal decision to keep them away is likely to further test a fragile power-sharing deal.
The measure targeted Sunni-backed Iraqiya, which has sought to boycott parliament and the cabinet since Shi’ite Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki ordered the arrest of the country’s Sunni vice-president, heightening fears of an upsurge in sectarian violence after last month’s withdrawal of U.S. forces.
Tuesday’s ruling by the rest of the cabinet bars three protesting Iraqiya members, namely Finance Minister Rafie al-Esawi, the science minister and the education minister, from running their offices, a spokesman for the government said.
“Absent ministers will not be allowed to sign any orders or run their ministries until they stop boycotting cabinet sessions. Then everything will return to normal and they can resume running ministries,” Ali al-Moussawi, Maliki’s media adviser, told Reuters.
The political crisis is the worst since the power-sharing government was formed a year ago following an inconclusive 2010 election. It divided posts in government and the presidency among Shi’ite and Sunni Muslims and ethnic Kurds.
Since it began in mid-December, the confrontation has already been accompanied by attacks on Shi’ite targets blamed on Sunni Islamists trying to stir sectarian tensions.
Turmoil in Iraq has wider consequences in a region already facing an increasingly sectarian-tinged conflict in neighboring Syria, where Shi’ite, non-Arab power Iran and Sunni Arab Gulf nations are competing for influence.
Maliki’s government moved to arrest Sunni Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi on December 19 on charges he ran a death squad. It also sought to sideline a Sunni deputy prime minister after he branded Maliki a dictator.
Hashemi denies the charges and sought refuge in the autonomous Kurdish region where he is unlikely to be arrested.
Iraqiya lawmakers have boycotted the parliament and several Iraqiya cabinet ministers have stayed away from government meetings in protest. However, some others have attended, underscoring splits in the Sunni-backed bloc.
Political blocs this week began talks on trying to organize a national conference to resolve their differences. But already the turmoil is fueling fears in the Sunni minority that Maliki is seeking to shore up Shi’ite power and sideline Iraqiya.
Violence has eased since the peak of sectarian slaughter in 2006-2007 when tens of thousands were killed in intercommunal attacks in the years after the U.S. invasion that toppled Sunni dictator Saddam Hussein. But Iraq is still plagued by Sunni Islamists tied to al Qaeda and by rival Shi’ite militias.
Additional reporting by Aseel Kami; Writing by Patrick Markey; Editing by Alastair Macdonald