JERUSALEM (Reuters) - Forty years ago this week, Israel swept to victory in six days in a war with Egypt, Syria and Jordan, capturing the Sinai peninsula, Golan Heights, Gaza Strip and West Bank, including Arab East Jerusalem.
Following are key facts about the course of the conflict that changed the face of the Middle East.
THE WAR, DAY BY DAY
June 5, 1967 - Two weeks after Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser closes the Strait of Tiran, a portal for Israeli shipping through the Red Sea, Israeli planes strike air bases in Egypt, destroying the bulk of the Egyptian air force. Jordan, which controls East Jerusalem, bombards Jewish West Jerusalem and Jordanian planes bomb central Israel. Israeli planes destroy Jordan’s two main air bases. They also attack air bases in Syria after Syrian aircraft strike targets in Haifa. Israeli army enters the Gaza Strip and advances into the Sinai.
June 6 - Israeli forces push deeper into the Sinai and West Bank and approach Jerusalem’s Old City in the eastern sector.
June 7 - Israeli army captures all of West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip. United Nations Security Council passes ceasefire resolution, which Jordan accepts.
June 8 - Israeli forces reach the Suez Canal and control all of the Sinai. Egypt agrees to ceasefire.
June 9 - Israeli army attacks Syrian positions on the Golan Heights.
June 10 - Israeli forces capture all of the Golan Heights. Syria accepts U.N. ceasefire resolution.
Israel returned the Sinai to Egypt under a 1979 peace treaty that followed a 1973 Middle East war, and signed a peace accord with Jordan in 1994. The Golan Heights and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, remain under Israeli occupation. Israeli troops and settlers withdrew from the Gaza Strip in 2005. Palestinians have established limited self-rule in the West Bank and Gaza under interim peace deals signed in the 1990s that envisage a final treaty creating a Palestinian state in both territories alongside a secure Israel.
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