September 3, 2007 / 12:34 AM / in 10 years

Where do all the prayer notes go?

JERUSALEM (Reuters) - People from around the world place their prayers in Jerusalem’s Western Wall or mail them to “God, Jerusalem”. It’s Rabbi Shmuel Rabinowitz who clears them up.

Millions of people a year visit the Western Wall -- one of Judaism’s holiest sites -- and leave a written prayer on pieces of paper wedged into the cracks of the ancient stones.

The tradition has been adopted by members of many faiths around the world. It is very common for Christian pilgrims traveling through the Old City of Jerusalem to stop by the Western Wall and leave a note, the rabbi says.

As Rabbi of the Western Wall, it is up to Rabinowitz to make sure there’s room for future paper wishes. Twice a year his team collects hundreds of thousands of notes and buries them on Jerusalem’s Mount of Olives.

At most hours of the day the Western Wall is lined with people deep in prayer. Many lean forward and touch their foreheads to the stones. With eyes closed, they whisper their wishes and kiss the wall when they have finished praying.

“The notes are a way to pray if you don’t know how. After all, if you want to receive, you have to ask,” said Rabinowitz from his office in the Old City of Jerusalem.

Rabinowitz and a dozen workers sweep the wall with wooden sticks in order to reach up high to snare the notes closest to the heavens.

They never read them and have never counted the number of scripted prayers, but in each collection there are enough to fill about 100 shopping bags, each with thousands of notes, Rabinowitz said.

The rabbi’s office, which manages the site, estimates that more than 5 million people visited the Western Wall in 2006. Israel’s Tourism Ministry said that about 1.5 million of them were foreign tourists.

Other letters are sent to the wall by fax or email -- often for a small fee. Rabinowitz said he places hundreds of letters a year received by the post office addressed simply to God in Jerusalem.

Because the notes are never read by those who collect them it is impossible to know the religion of the people who sent them, the rabbi said.

“You can ask for anything. You spill your heart and then you leave strengthened,” said Moshe Azolai, 29, who visited the site with relatives from the United States.

Azolai left a prayer for his nephew, who was one of several 13-year-old boys being honored in a Bar Mitzvah ceremony in the hot summer sun.


The Western Wall is a remnant of the compound of the Second Temple that was destroyed in 70 AD. It stands today beneath a religious plaza known to Muslims as al-Haram al-Sharif and to Jews as the Temple Mount.

A Jewish man receives requests for special prayers by mobile phone as he touches the Western Wall (Wailing Wall) in Jerusalem's old city in this August 22, 2007 file photo. People from around the world place their prayers in Jerusalem's Western Wall or mail them to "God, Jerusalem". It's a rabbi's job to clear them up. REUTERS/Yannis Behrakis/Files

The entire wall stretches about 500 meters (1,650 feet), although much of it is concealed underground. The exposed part where people gather to pray is about 50 meters (165 feet) long and about 15 meters (50 feet) high.

Israel captured the Western Wall together with Arab East Jerusalem in the 1967 Middle East war.

The tradition of leaving notes started nearly 300 years ago when a rabbi sent his students with a prayer in writing because he was unable to make the journey, Rabinowitz said.

A first time visitor from Ukraine, who gave only his first name, Dmitri, said he could “feel” that the area was holy.

“I placed a note asking for good health. I believe it will help,” he said.

An Ultra Orthodox Jew visits the western Wall (Wailing Wall) for evening prayers in Jerusalem's old city August 22, 2007 file photo. People from around the world place their prayers in Jerusalem's Western Wall or mail them to "God, Jerusalem". It's a rabbi's job to clear them up. REUTERS/Yannis Behrakis/Files

Across a partition in a separate women’s area, a mother, holding her daughter, managed to cram a note into a crack already overflowing with paper.

“It’s for a member of my family who couldn’t make it here,” she said.


An entire chapter in one of Rabinowitz’s books deals with the issue of discarding the Western Wall notes.

“There is an old argument about whether to burn the notes or bury them,” Rabinowitz said.

According to Jewish law, it is forbidden to destroy holy texts. Instead, prayer books and scriptures are “reposited” in containers and often buried in Jewish cemeteries.

But long before notes were stuck in the Western Wall, it was custom for religious Jews to place prayer notes at the graves of rabbis considered holy. Traditionally, these notes are burned.

Rabinowitz said burning is a pure way to deal with the notes, but burying them according to Jewish tradition is more honorable.

Even with the rabbi’s twice-a-year cleaning -- the next one will take place before the Jewish New Year in mid-September -- finding a snug spot in the wall for a note can be a challenge.

Yaniv Singer, 28, who led a tour group that visited the Western Wall, had trouble placing his prayer.

“It fell out of about three places before I managed to stick it in a crack way up high,” he said.

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