ROME (Reuters) - A four-year old girl has died of a severe form of malaria contracted in Italy, where the disease is supposed to have been eradicated nearly half a century ago.
Italy’s health ministry on Tuesday said it was sending experts to investigate the death Sofia Zago, who died in hospital in the northern city of Brescia overnight between Sunday and Monday.
She had not visited any countries where malaria is common, the ministry said in a statement.
Luigi Gradoni, an infectious disease researcher at the state health institute, said that investigation would seek to clear up the mystery.
“For now the case is unclear because we cannot explain how she contracted malaria,” Gradoni said in a television interview. “But people should not be alarmed because it cannot be transmitted in Italy. The investigation will clarify what the mechanism for transmission could have been.”
Malaria cannot be transmitted from person to person, but is commonly spread when people are bitten by a female Anopheles mosquito, which have been mostly eradicated in Italy.
However, disease-carrying mosquitoes can be arrive by plane in people’s suitcases, Gradoni said.
As a precaution, the hospital ward where she died will be fumigated, Italian media reported.
One possible explanation is that Zago, who suffered from diabetes, had somehow contracted the disease during a previous hospital stay from two girls who were recovering in a separate room from malaria. They had contracted the disease in Africa, local media reported, and subsequently recovered.
Paolo Grimoldi, a member of parliament with the anti-immigrant Northern League party, blamed the arrival of hundreds of thousands of African migrants in recent years, whom he said were bringing diseases to Italy that had been eliminated.
But Gradoni said migrants cannot bring malaria to Italy. “Even if they arrive here with it, it cannot be spread,” he said.
Malaria used to be widespread in Italy and the name derives from the Italian “mal aria” or “bad air”. Eradication campaigns pegged back the disease through the 20th century and the World Health Organization declared Italy free of malaria in 1970.
Subsequent cases of malaria recorded in Italy were contracted abroad.
(This story has been refiled to drop extraneous words in first paragraph)
Reporting by Steve Scherer Editing by Jeremy Gaunt