(Reuters) - Following is a roundup of the impact of this month’s earthquake and tsunami on Japanese manufacturers of cars and electronics.
Plant shutdowns in Japan threaten supplies to manufacturers across the globe of items from semiconductors to car parts.
Japanese companies are not only reeling from damage to factories and suppliers in quake-hit northeastern Japan but also suffering from fuel shortages nationwide and power outages in the Tokyo area that are affecting production, distribution and the ability of staff to reach workplaces.
* Toyota Motor Co 7203.T has halted operations at its 12 main assembly plants in Japan until at least Saturday, which will result in lost production of 140,000 vehicles. It will also delay the launch of the Prius wagon and minivan models in Japan from the original plan for the end of April. On Monday the firm began making car parts at plants near its base in Toyota City, central Japan, for overseas assembly facilities. It resumed making parts for service centers to repair vehicles already on the road last week.
* Honda Motor Co 7267.T has extended its production halt in Japan to March 27. On Monday, Honda said one-fifth of its Japan-based Tier 1 suppliers affected by the earthquake had said it would take more than a week to recover. Honda made 69,170 cars in January in Japan, accounting for around a quarter of its production.
* Mazda Motor Corp 7261.T has not set a time for resumption of full-scale production at its Hiroshima and Yamaguchi plants, but resumed limited operations on Tuesday to produce vehicle repair parts, vehicle parts to be shipped to overseas plants and semi-finished goods.
* Suzuki Motor Corp 7269.T said its three car assembly factories in Japan will remain closed on Thursday and Friday, but the firm will operate an engine factory on those two days using parts in inventory. The firm has not decided on production plans for next week and beyond.
* Fuji Heavy Industries Co 7270.T said all five of the car and parts-related plants for its Subaru-brand vehicles in Gunma prefecture, north of Tokyo, will be shut at least until Thursday. Production of vehicle parts to be shipped to overseas manufacturing plants started on Wednesday and production of vehicle repair parts is scheduled to start on Thursday.
* Sony Corp 6758.T said shortages of parts and raw materials would force it to suspend or reduce production at five plants in central and southern Japan making digital cameras, camera lenses, flat-screen televisions and other goods. Another plant may be affected by rolling power blackouts. Six production sites in northern Japan have been halted since the quake. If shortages continue, Sony may consider temporarily shifting some production overseas.
* Toshiba 6502.T said output was suspended at a factory in Iwate prefecture making system LSI chips for microprocessors and image sensors. On March 28, the company said it will power up production lines at the plant, but has not yet decided when it will restart production. An assembly line at a plant making small liquid crystal displays for smartphones and other devices will be closed for a month to repair damaged machinery.
* Canon 7751.T said all of its domestic camera production remains suspended, citing difficulty obtaining parts, and it does not yet know when output will resume.
* NEC 6701.T said it restarted production on Wednesday at all its four quake-hit plants in northeastern Japan, which include factories making communications equipment, routers and switches.
* Nikon Corp 7731.T said it expects to resume production at all its north Japan plants, including those making optical pickups and other electronic parts, digital cameras and audio equipment, by the end of March. The company warned, however, that power cuts and parts shortages could make a return to full production levels difficult and said it may not be able to fulfill all its customers' needs.
* Panasonic 6752.T said it restarted a factory making printed circuit board materials in Koriyama, northeast Japan on Wednesday. Several other factories in the region remain closed, however, including one in Fukushima making optical pick-ups and one in Sendai assembling digital cameras and audio equipment. The firm declined to give details about the other affected plants.
* Renesas Electronics 6723.T, the world's No.5 chipmaker, said operations at three of its 22 factories in Japan remained suspended, after restarting four since March 19. The company added, however, that power cuts make it difficult to resume operations at some plants and unable to a return to full production levels at others. OTHERS:
* Shin-Etsu Chemical 4063.T, the world's leading maker of silicon wafers, said two of its plants near the worst-hit areas remained offline and it is unsure when it will restart operations. Some of the wafers made in Japan are shipped to chip companies overseas. Shin-Etsu is trying to boost production elsewhere, particularly of 300-mm wafers, to make up the shortfall.
Reporting by Chang-Ran Kim, Tim Kelly, Isabel Reynolds and James Topham; Editing by Michael Watson
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