Japan delays budget surplus forecast to FY2027 as fiscal reform struggles

TOKYO (Reuters) - Japan pushed back projections on Wednesday for bringing its budget into surplus, in a sign Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s government is struggling to rein in massive public debt as the economy comes under increasing pressure.

FILE PHOTO: People walk on a street at Tokyo's Ginza shopping district, Japan, February 12, 2017. REUTERS/Toru Hanai/File Photo

The government pushed back its forecast of achieving a surplus by one year to fiscal 2027, citing a downward revision to its outlook for GDP growth, inflation and tax revenue since its previous projections in January.

In its twice-yearly fiscal and economic projections, the government expected the primary budget, excluding new bond sales and debt servicing, to swing to a surplus of 0.2 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in fiscal 2027.

In its January estimate, the government expected the primary budget balance to swing to a 0.1 percent surplus of gross domestic product in fiscal 2026.

Japan’s debt burden is the industrial world’s heaviest, at more than twice the size of its $5 trillion economy. Abe has put greater importance on growth to safeguard the fragile economy than fiscal reform.

Weak external demand forced the government to lower economic growth forecasts from the January estimate. It now expects real and nominal GDP growth at 2% and above 3%, respectively, from fiscal 2023, which many private-sector economists see as rosy.

The government on Monday cut its fiscal 2019 real GDP growth forecast to 0.9% from 1.3%.

In Wednesday’s report, inflation was not forecast to reach 2% until 2024, a further setback for the government’s and the central bank’s aim of meeting the inflation target.

Based on government’s more conservative ‘baseline scenario’, in which real GDP growth is estimated to hover around 1% in the coming years, the primary budget was seen in the red through the forecast period to fiscal 2028.

A primary budget surplus was originally targeted for 2020, but it has repeatedly been pushed back due to a bulging cost of welfare to support the aging population and fiscal stimulus to pull Japan out of two decades of deflation and stagnation.

The government has now pledged to balance a primary budget by the fiscal year end to March 2026.

This fiscal year’s budget spending reached a record 101.5 trillion yen ($935.05 billion) including 2 trillion yen in steps to ease a pain from a planned sales tax hike to 10% from the current 8% in October.

Next fiscal year’s budget is also expected to exceed 100 trillion yen for a second straight year, highlighting the difficulty in curbing fiscal spending. It features 4.4 trillion yen in spending for measures to promote Abe’s growth strategy.

Reporting by Tetsushi Kajimoto; Editing by Kim Coghill