November 30, 2010 / 12:20 PM / 9 years ago

Timeline: Kyrgyzstan forms new coalition government

(Reuters) - Here is a timeline on Kyrgyzstan, where three parties agreed to form a coalition government on Tuesday, over the past five years.

March 21, 2005 - Osh, Kyrgyzstan’s second biggest city, falls to opposition control as protests sweep across south to demand resignation of President Askar Akayev.

March 24 - Kyrgyzstan’s opposition declares itself in power after seizing key buildings as Akayev vanishes following protests.

March 25 - Opposition party leader Kurmanbek Bakiyev is named acting president. Akayev confirms reports he has left country, but says he has not resigned.

March 28 - Kyrgyzstan’s new parliament takes over and confirms Bakiyev as prime minister as well as acting president.

July 10 - Bakiyev wins presidential election.

November 8, 2006 - Parliament adopts new constitution reducing the president’s powers.

February 19, 2009 - Parliament votes to close the only U.S. air base in Central Asia. Washington later agrees to pay $180 million to Kyrgyzstan to keep base open.

March 17, 2010 - Thousands of Kyrgyz protesters threaten to oust Bakiyev if he fails to accept their demands within a week.

April 3 - Visiting U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon calls on Kyrgyzstan to protect human rights after protesters shout “help us” as he drives to parliament.

April 7 - Bakiyev orders state of emergency in Bishkek and three other areas after police clash with protesters. He later flees to southern Kyrgyzstan, his traditional power base.

April 8 - Opposition leader Roza Otunbayeva says she is taking over the president and government’s responsibilities.

April 15 - Bakiyev leaves Kyrgyzstan for Kazakhstan. At least 85 people are killed in the upheaval.

April 27 - Interim government says it has charged Bakiyev with “mass killing.”

May 13 - Bakiyev supporters seize control of government buildings in cities of Osh, Jalalabad and Batken. A day later the interim government says it has regained control.

May 19 - State of emergency is declared in Jalalabad after clashes between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks in southern Kyrgyzstan.

— Otunbayeva’s government says she will act as president until the end of 2011, after which she will be replaced.

June 10/11 - Conflict between ethnic Kyrgyz and Uzbeks flares up in Osh and southern region. Interim government declares state of emergency.

June 21 - Otunbayeva pledges to press ahead with referendum on June 27.Nearly 400 people are killed in ethnic conflict.

June 27 - More than 90 percent of voters in referendum support constitutional reforms proposed by Otunbayeva that pave way for Kyrgyzstan to become parliamentary democracy.

July 27 - Kyrgyzstan secures pledges worth $1.1 billion from international donors including World Bank.

August 5 - Kyrgyz forces arrest opposition leader Urmat Baryktabasov on suspicion of plotting overthrow of government after day of protests in Bishkek.

August 10 - Kyrgyzstan announces elections for October 10.

— In separate decree, interim government lifts curfew that applied to Osh, Jalalabad and Uzgen in south, as well as some surrounding regions.

October 10 - Elections are held. None of the five parties in parliament secures a majority of the 120 seats.

November 10 - Kyrgyzstan’s new parliament holds its first session after elections.

November 30 - A coalition government is formed by three of the five parties - the Social-Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan and the Respublika and Ata Meken parties. Almazbek Atambayev, leader of the Social Democrats, proposed as prime minister,

Writing by David Cutler, London Editorial Reference Unit;

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