May 14, 2010 / 10:53 AM / 9 years ago

Timeline: Coup plot in volatile south Kyrgyzstan

(Reuters) - At least one person was killed in clashes in Kyrgyzstan on Friday after the interim government sent forces to regain control in the volatile south of the Central Asian state.

Here is a timeline on Kyrgyzstan in the last five years:

February 27, 2005 - Kyrgyzstan holds the first round of parliamentary elections, in an atmosphere marked by the muzzling of independent news sources and protests.

March 13 - Results in a second round of the parliamentary poll show the opposition won only a handful of seats. OSCE says vote shows many shortcomings.

March 21 - Osh, Kyrgyzstan’s second biggest city, falls to opposition control as protests sweep across the country’s south to demand the resignation of President Askar Akayev.

March 23 - Police break up a protest in the capital, Bishkek, and the interior minister says prepared to use force and weapons to restore order.

March 24 - Kyrgyzstan’s opposition declares itself in power after seizing key buildings as Akayev vanishes after protests.

March 25 - Opposition party leader Kurmanbek Bakiyev is named acting president. Akayev confirms reports he has left the country, but says he has not resigned.

March 28 - Kyrgyzstan’s new parliament takes over and confirms Bakiyev as prime minister as well as acting president.

July 10 - Bakiyev wins presidential election.

November 8, 2006 - Parliament adopts a new constitution reducing the president’s powers, defusing a political crisis. The opposition, which had staged days of protests calling on the president to quit if he would not cede to their demands, hailed the vote as a victory.

February 19, 2009 - Parliament votes to close the only U.S. air base in Central Asia. Washington later agrees to pay $180 million to Kyrgyzstan to keep the base open.

March 17, 2010 - Thousands of Kyrgyz protesters threaten to oust Bakiyev if he fails to accede to their demands within a week, five years after protests propelled him to power.

April 3 - Visiting U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon calls on Kyrgyzstan to protect human rights after protesters shout “help us” as he drove to parliament.

April 6 - Police firing teargas and rubber bullets briefly take back a building in the northwestern town of Talas, freeing the regional governor who had been taken hostage, but 3,000 protesters return to retake the building after nightfall.

April 7 - Bakiyev orders a state of emergency in Bishkek and three other areas after police clash with protesters. He later flees to southern Kyrgyzstan, his traditional power base.

— Some 1,000 people storm the prosecutor-general’s office in the capital.

— Plumes of smoke billow from the White House, the main seat of government, as crowds rampage through the building. Opposition activists take control of state TV channel KTR.

April 8 - Opposition leader Roza Otunbayeva says she is taking over the president’s and government’s responsibilities. She says the government has resigned and the opposition is negotiating the resignation of Bakiyev.

— Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin speaks to Otunbayeva effectively recognizing her government.

April 9 - Otunbayeva says she will guarantee the safety of Bakiyev and allow him to leave the country if he resigns.

April 12 - Bakiyev says that any attempt to seize or kill him by the interim leadership would result in bloodshed.

— The U.S. welcomes statements from the interim government that it will abide by agreements covering a U.S. air base that supports military operations in Afghanistan.

April 15 - Bakiyev leaves Kyrgyzstan on a plane for Kazakhstan. At least 85 people are killed in the upheaval.

April 27 - The interim government says it has charged Bakiyev with “mass killing” and has formally prepared an extradition request.

May 4 - Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko says he will not hand over Bakiyev.

May 13 - Bakiyev supporters seize control of government buildings in the provinces of Osh, Jalalabad and Batken, kidnap the governor of Jalalabad region and try to take control of the area’s main airport in Osh.

May 14 - Authorities regain control in Osh in Jalalabad. At least one person killed and 37 wounded in clashes between interim government forces and Bakiyev supporters in Jalalabad.

— Usen Sydykov, a former Bakiyev adviser, is arrested near Osh on charges of organizing mass disturbances and trying to seize power.

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