(Reuters) - Kyrgyzstan is suffering the worst ethnic riots in 20 years which have killed at least 118 people and left cities in flames.
Here is a timeline on Kyrgyzstan in the last five years:
March 21, 2005 - Osh, Kyrgyzstan’s second biggest city, falls to opposition control as protests sweep across the country’s south to demand the resignation of President Askar Akayev.
March 24 - Kyrgyzstan’s opposition declares itself in power after seizing key buildings as Akayev vanishes after protests.
March 25 - Opposition party leader Kurmanbek Bakiyev is named acting president. Akayev confirms reports he has left the country, but says he has not resigned.
March 28 - Kyrgyzstan’s new parliament takes over and confirms Bakiyev as prime minister as well as acting president.
July 10 - Bakiyev wins presidential elections.
November 8, 2006 - Parliament adopts a new constitution reducing the president’s powers. The opposition, which had staged days of protests calling on the president to quit if he would not cede to their demands, hailed the vote as a victory.
February 19, 2009 - Parliament votes to close the only U.S. air base in Central Asia. Washington later agrees to pay $180 million to Kyrgyzstan to keep the base open.
March 17, 2010 - Thousands of Kyrgyz protesters threaten to oust Bakiyev if he fails to accept their demands within a week.
April 3 - Visiting U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon calls on Kyrgyzstan to protect human rights after protesters shout “help us” as he drove to parliament.
April 7 - Bakiyev orders a state of emergency in Bishkek and three other areas after police clash with protesters. He later flees to southern Kyrgyzstan, his traditional power base.
-- Plumes of smoke billow from the White House, the main seat of government, as crowds rampage through the building.
-- Opposition activists also take control of state television channel KTR.
April 8 - Opposition leader Roza Otunbayeva says she is taking over the president’s and government’s responsibilities, saying the government has resigned and the opposition is negotiating the resignation of Bakiyev.
-- Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin speaks to Otunbayeva effectively recognizing her government.
April 9 - Otunbayeva says she will guarantee the safety of Bakiyev and allow him to leave the country if he resigns.
April 12 - The U.S. welcomes statements from the interim government that it will abide by agreements covering a U.S. air base that supports military operations in Afghanistan.
April 15 - The ousted president Bakiyev leaves Kyrgyzstan for Kazakhstan. At least 85 people are killed in the upheaval.
April 27 - The interim government says it has charged Bakiyev with “mass killing” and has formally prepared an extradition request.
May 4 - Belarussian President Alexander Lukashenko says he will not hand over Bakiyev to face the charges.
May 13 - Bakiyev supporters seize control of government buildings in the cities of Osh, Jalalabad and Batken, and kidnap the governor of Jalalabad region.
May 14 - The interim government says it has regained control across the south.
May 19 - A state of emergency is declared in Jalalabad after two people die and 74 are injured in clashes between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks in southern Kyrgyzstan.
-- Otunbayeva’s government says she will act as president until the end of 2011, after which she will be replaced.
June 10/11 - Ethnic conflict between ethnic Kyrgyz and ethnic Uzbeks flares up in Osh and the southern region. The interim government declares a state of emergency.
June 13 - Bakiyev issues a statement from Belarus denying claims he is behind the clashes.
June 14 - The Health Ministry says that 118 had been killed and 1,609 wounded in the violence. Kyrgyzstan’s interim government says it has arrested a “well-known person” on suspicion of fomenting the ethnic riots.
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