(Reuters) - North Korea said on Thursday it had told international agencies it planned to launch a satellite, a move the United States says it would consider “very provocative.”
While the North says the launch is part of a peaceful space program, the United States views it as a test of the reclusive communist state’s long-range ballistic missile which can in theory reach U.S. territory.
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said on Wednesday that “a range of options” could be pursued against North Korea, including seeking action in the U.N. Security Council, if it launches the missile.
Those options could include seeking additional U.N sanctions, tightening existing measures or suspending aid.
Following are some international sanctions that remain in place from previous missile and nuclear tests by the North, as well as for its human rights record:
* U.N. Security Council resolution 1718 of October 2006 imposes arms and financial sanctions on North Korea after it conducted its first nuclear test three months after firing its longest-range Taepodong-2 ballistic missile. It also bans sale of luxury goods to the North.
* U.N. Security Council resolution 1695 of July 2006 after the North’s launch of its Taepodong-2 bans trading of material, technology and financial resources that could be used in the North’s weapons of mass destruction programs.
* U.S. Treasury Department regulations ban transactions by U.S. firms with some North Korean entities and transactions involving North Korean vessels. Imports of goods made in the North also require prior approval.
* Japan has in place a ban on imports of North Korean goods and also prohibits port calls by North Korean vessels. As part of the Security Council ban on trading in luxury goods, Japan prohibits the sale of beef, caviar and fatty tuna, along with expensive cars, motorcycles and cameras.
* Movement of goods and equipment from South Korea, with which the North has a sizable trading relationship, is severely limited under a 1996 multinational arrangement that controls the transfer of dual-use goods that could be used by the receiving country for military purposes.
* In return for progress North Korea made in nuclear disarmament, the United States said last October it had removed the North from a U.S. terrorism blacklist and from the terms of its Trading with the Enemy Act, which ended some trade sanctions.
(Source: the United Nations, U.S. State and Treasury Departments, South Korean Foreign Ministry, Reuters)
Reporting by Jack Kim; Editing by Jonathan Thatcher and Paul Tait
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