UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - U.S. President Barack Obama told the United Nations on Wednesday there was no short cut to Middle East peace, but Palestinians said they would press on with a request for U.N. recognition of their nascent state.
Amid frantic efforts to avert a diplomatic disaster, French President Nicolas Sarkozy urged the United Nations to grant the Palestinians the status of observer state, like the Vatican, while outlining a one-year roadmap to peace.
With U.S. credibility and influence in the Middle East at stake, Obama wants to dissuade the Palestinians from asking the U.N. Security Council for full statehood in the teeth of Israeli anger and a U.S. threat to use its veto if it came to a vote.
But a senior Palestinian official, Nabil Shaath, said, “We will cordially and respectfully tell him ‘No.'”
The Palestinians, however, would give the Security Council “some time” to mull the statehood claim before they took it to the U.N. General Assembly, where Washington has no veto.
Flag-waving Palestinians rallied in West Bank city squares to support the recourse to the United Nations.
A year after telling the General Assembly he hoped to see a Palestinian state born by now, the Obama said creating such a state alongside Israel remained his goal.
“But the question isn’t the goal we seek -- the question is how to reach it. And I am convinced that there is no short cut to the end of a conflict that has endured for decades,” he said.
“Peace will not come through statements and resolutions at the U.N ... Ultimately, it is Israelis and Palestinians -- not us -- who must reach agreement on the issues that divide them: on borders and security; on refugees and Jerusalem,” Obama said.
However, it is the failure of 20 years of U.S.-brokered negotiations that has driven Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to take his quest for a state to the United Nations -- a ploy that could embarrass the United States by forcing it to protect its Israeli ally against the tide of world opinion.
Obama later met Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and assured him of unwavering U.S. support.
In a separate meeting, Obama appealed to Abbas not to present U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon with an application for full membership of the world body.
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was due to hold separate talks with Abbas and Netanyahu in the evening.
Although Obama said he had set out a new basis for negotiations in May, the chances of reviving peace talks look bleak.
The two sides are far apart. The Palestinians are divided internally and Obama will not want to risk alienating Israel’s powerful U.S. support base by pressing for Israeli concessions as he enters a tough battle for re-election next year.
In more evidence of Obama’s domestic constraints, a U.S. Senate committee voted to prohibit aid to the Palestinians if they joined the United Nations.
France has grown frustrated at the lack of progress, saying that negotiations should be widened to include a more hands-on role for Europe given the impasse in U.S.-led efforts.
“Let us cease our endless debates on the parameters and begin negotiations,” Sarkozy said. “The moment has come to build peace for Palestinian and Israeli children.”
Sarkozy said negotiations should begin within one month, an agreement on borders and security should be clinched within six months and a definitive agreement reached within a year.
The Palestinians see statehood as opening the way for negotiations between equals. Israel says the Palestinian move aims at delegitimizing the Jewish state.
The drama at the United Nations is playing out as Arab uprisings are transforming the Middle Eastern landscape.
Obama pledged support for Arab democratic change, called for more U.N. sanctions against Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad and urged Iran and North Korea to meet their nuclear obligations -- twin standoffs that have eluded his efforts at resolution.
Iran freed two Americans held for spying, in what President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad called a compassionate gesture before he addresses the United Nations on Thursday.
The Security Council could delay action on Abbas’ request, giving the mediating “Quartet” -- the United States, Russia, the European Union and the United Nations -- more time to craft a declaration that could coax both sides back to the table.
South African President Jacob Zuma said his country, a Security Council member, fully supports Palestinian statehood.
Hanan Ashrawi, a senior Palestinian official, said Obama’s speech was a real disappointment.
“You would think that the Palestinians are occupying Israel,” she said, accusing Obama of being selective when upholding principles of freedom and self-determination.
“They apply to every Arab individual, but when it comes to Palestinians suffering from an oppressive foreign military occupation, somehow ... these principles do not apply. They only apply when Arabs rebel against their own oppressive regime.”
Whatever happens at the United Nations, Palestinians will remain under Israeli occupation and any nominal state would lack recognized borders or real independence and sovereignty.
It is a measure of their desperation that they are pressing on with an initiative that could incur financial retribution from Israel and the United States.
In his speech to the General Assembly, Ban asked governments to show solidarity in meeting “extraordinary challenges” for the world body, from climate change to peacekeeping.
“Without resources, we cannot deliver. Today, I ask governments that have traditionally borne the lion’s share of the costs to not flag in their generosity,” he declared, pledging to streamline U.N. budgets to “do more with less.”
Additional reporting by Ali Sawafta, Andrew Quinn, Louis Charbonneau, Matt Spetalnick, Laura MacInnis, John Irish, Emmanuel Jarry, Daniel Bases and Patrick Worsnip