Factbox: Peru's presidential lineup: graft probes, suicide and impeachment

LIMA (Reuters) - Peru, the world’s No.2 copper producer and for years one of Latin America’s fastest growing economies, has seen a litany of presidents ousted from office or imprisoned on allegations of corruption over the past three decades.

FILE PHOTO: Peru's President Martin Vizcarra addresses the media outside the presidential palace after lawmakers removed him on corruption charges, in Lima, Peru November 9, 2020. Peruvian Presidency/Handout via REUTERS

This week, it was the turn of centrist Martín Vizcarra, who was controversially removed from office by an opposition-dominated Congress on corruption charges, plunging the country into turmoil just five months before elections in April.

Vizcarra was not the first and is unlikely to be the last to be ousted in a country all too accustomed to political upheaval.

Here is the rundown:


Lawmakers ousted Vizcarra after media reports alleged he had received 2.3 million soles ($640,000) in bribes from two companies that won a public works tender while he was a regional governor years earlier.

Vizcarra, who had long clashed with lawmakers, strongly denied the allegations, but was voted out of office after a second impeachment trial in as many months found him “morally incapable” of governing.


Kuczynski remains under house arrest while prosecutors investigate him for favoring contracts with Brazilian construction firm Odebrecht while he was a minister under former President Alejandro Toledo.

Kuczynski initially denied any ties to Odebrecht. But he eventually acknowledged his consulting firm advised the builder on project financing. Kuczynski resigned from the presidency in 2018 amid pressure from Congress.

OLLANTA HUMALA (2011-2016)

Ollanta, retired from Peru’s military, is under investigation for allegedly receiving $3 million from Odebrecht during the 2011 presidential election campaign.

Prosecutors have requested 20 years in prison, but he has yet to see his day in court. Humala denies the allegations and has said he plans to run in the 2021 presidential election.

ALAN GARCÍA (1985-1990 / 2006-2011)

Former president, Alan García, committed suicide in April 2019 with a gunshot to the head when Peruvian police arrived to arrest him over allegations he participated in another Odebrecht bribery scheme.

A charismatic political leader who served two terms, García repeatedly denied the allegations of bribery.


Toledo is accused of allegedly receiving a $20 million bribe from Odebrecht during his tenure. He is free on bail in the United States but faces extradition proceedings to Peru.

The former president, who has denied the allegations, spent nearly eight months in a California prison.


Valentin Paniagua is the only Peruvian president in the last three decades who has not faced accusations of corruption. Paniagua led a transitional government after the resignation of former president, Alberto Fujimori.

Paniagua, who passed away in 2006, was a seasoned politician and served in Congress for several terms.


Fujimori is serving a 25-year sentence in prison for commanding death squads that massacred civilians in a counterinsurgency campaign during his right-wing government. He was later also found guilty of corruption in a major scandal.

Former President Kuczynski granted Fujimori a humanitarian pardon but this was rescinded by a judge during Vizcarra’s term in office.

Reporting by Marco Aquino, writing by Dave Sherwood; Editing by Adam Jourdan and Bernadette Baum