Brazil's Petrobras posts highest-ever quarterly profit, boosted by asset sales

RIO DE JANEIRO (Reuters) - Brazilian state-run oil firm Petroleo Brasileiro SA posted its highest ever quarterly profit on Thursday and handily beat analysts’ estimates, thanks in large part to billions of reais in asset sales.

FILE PHOTO: The logo of Brazil's state-run oil company Petrobras is pictured in the company headquarters in Sao Paulo, Brazil February 20, 2018. REUTERS/Paulo Whitaker/File photo

In a securities filing, Petrobras, as the firm is commonly known, said second quarter net profit came to 18.87 billion reais ($4.92 billion). That was well above the Refinitiv consensus estimate of 8.06 billion reais at current exchange rates.

Adjusted for non-recurring items, net income would have come to 5.2 billion reais, Chief Executive Roberto Castello Branco said in written remarks accompanying the results.

Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA), in some ways a more closely watched indicator given Petrobras’ many impairments and one-off gains in recent years, hit market estimates. Petrobras said EBITDA came to 32.67 billion reais, almost exactly in line with the Refinitiv estimate of 32.7 billion.

Taken as a whole, the results show that Petrobras’ recent acceleration in asset sales is bearing tangible fruit. Castello Branco, who took charge in January, has made selling off non-core assets in order to reduce debt a key part of his overall strategy, a tactic that has been cheered by investors.

Overall in 2019, the company has received some $12.764 billion from asset sales, including $8.722 billion from its sale of gas pipelines to France’s Engie SA in the second quarter, it said in the filing.

Largely as a result of those sales, Petrobras’ net debt to EBITDA ratio fell to 2.69 at the end of the second quarter, down from 3.19 at the end of the first quarter. Petrobras’ current goal is to bring that ratio down to 1.5 in 2020.

In Castello Branco’s comments, the CEO attributed much of the profit boost to factors “beyond (Petrobras’) control,” such as high crude prices </LCOc1> and an improving real to dollar exchange rate.

Castello Branco also re-affirmed the company’s dedication to asset sales saying the so-called initial ‘teaser’ phase for four refineries worth billions of dollars is set to be launched next month.

He added in the comments that “we don’t need to own” midstream assets. Earlier on Thursday, Reuters reported that Petrobras was studying a mass transfer of employees out of Transpetro, which is responsible for most of the firm’s midstream assets.

The company would look to partially and wholly reduce its 37.5% stake it fuel distribution unit Petrobras Distribuidora SA, which it privatized via a share offering in July, he said.

One potential concern in the results was a significant downward revision in forecasted 2019 capital expenditure from $16 billion to $10-$11 billion. Castello Branco said that figure does not include bids for offshore exploration and production in blocs in Brazil scheduled for later this year.

Reporting by Gram Slattery; Editing by Sandra Maler and Cynthia Osterman