July 6, 2007 / 2:14 PM / 12 years ago

FACTBOX: The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

(Reuters) - Suggestions for seven new Wonders of the World have flooded in for one of the biggest global polls ever conducted.

The organization conducting the poll was set up by Swiss-Canadian adventurer Bernard Weber. The results will be announced in Portugal’s Benfica Stadium of Light on Saturday.

The Pyramids of Giza are the only one of Seven Wonders of the ancient world still standing. Here are some details of the original seven Wonders:


— The ‘Seven Wonders of the Ancient World’ is a widely known list of seven remarkable constructions of classical antiquity.

— The historian Herodotus (484 BC-ca. 425 BC), and the scholar Callimachus of Cyrene (ca 305-240 BC) at the Museum of Alexandria, made early lists of “seven wonders” but their writings did not survive, except as references.

— The list that we know today was compiled in the Middle Ages - by which time many of the sites were no longer in existence. The list came mostly from ancient Greek writings, so only sites that would have been known and visited by the ancient Greeks were included. The list included:

* The Great Pyramid of Giza, built around 2650-2500 BC as the tomb of fourth dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu, and is still standing.

* The Hanging Gardens of Babylon built around 600 BC. Herodotus claimed that the outer walls were 56 miles in length, 80 feet thick and 320 feet high. Destroyed by post-1st century BC Earthquake.

* Temple of Artemis at Ephesus built 550 BC and dedicated to the Greek goddess Artemis. Herostratus burned it down in 356 BC in an attempt to achieve lasting fame.

* The Statue of Zeus at Olympia erected 435 BC and was 40 feet tall. It was dismantled by Christian rulers during the 5th and 6th centuries to discourage paganism.

* The Mausoleum of Maussollos at Halicarnassus (in what is now south-east Turkey) built 351 BC and approximately 45 meters (135 feet) tall with each of the four sides adorned with sculptural reliefs. Origin of the word mausoleum. Damaged by an earthquake and totally destroyed by AD 1494 by European Crusaders.

* The Colossus of Rhodes built 292-280 BC. A giant bronze statue of the Greek god Helios roughly the same size as today’s Statue of Liberty in New York. Destroyed by a 224 BC earthquake.

* The Lighthouse of Alexandria built in 3rd century BC Egypt. At between 115 and 135 meters (383 - 440 ft) tall it was among the tallest man-made structures on Earth for many centuries. Destroyed between AD 1303-1480 by earthquake.

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