HONG KONG/AMSTERDAM (Reuters) - A five judge tribunal at the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague on Tuesday issued their award in a suit brought by the Philippines disputing Chinese actions in the South China Sea.
Here are some key elements from Tuesday’s ruling.
** That China has no “historic title” over the waters of the South China Sea.
** Specifically, that the 1982 U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea supercedes China’s “Nine-dash line” - its 69-year-old claim to roughly 85 percent of the South China Sea.
** That none of the features of the Spratly Islands off the Philippines’ west coast give China any right to an exclusive economic zone.
** That China has interfered with traditional Philippines fishing rights, notably at Scarborough Shoal.
** That Chinese oil exploration near Reed Bank violated the Philippines’ sovereign rights.
** That China damaged parts of the ecosystem of the Spratly Islands with activities such as overfishing and creating artificial islands.
** That China’s actions have aggravated its conflict with the Philippines at a time it was meant to be resolving them.
Reporting by Toby Sterling; Editing by Lincoln Feast