MADRID (Reuters) - Spain must cut individual and business tax rates and increase levies on consumer items from alcohol to fuel to repair one of Europe’s lowest tax takes, according to proposals the government took in hand on Friday.
The government will use the recommendations from a group of experts to create a tax reform bill that will go to Parliament by June, Deputy Prime Minister Soraya Saenz de Santamaria said at the government’s weekly news conference.
The law will come into effect in 2015, an election year, and 2016.
The reform aims to widen the tax base to make the most of an economic turnaround, rather than directly increase the country’s tax revenue, which fell to 36.4 percent of economic output in 2012.
“Where there’s been a cut in one tax, there’s been an increase in another to collect the same. If we’re able to create a more efficient system, it’ll help economic recovery,” one of the members of the committee, who asked to remain anonymous, said.
Spain’s tax take, over-reliant on revenue from a property boom which turned to bust in 2008, has fallen almost 50 billion euros ($69.64 billion) in the last six years and is plagued by complicated loopholes, exemptions and a massive black economy.
Commissioned by the Treasury Ministry last year, the proposal calls for cuts to income taxes and reduction of the corporate tax rate from 30 percent to, first 25 percent, then 20 percent.
The rate cut would be accompanied by the removal of numerous tax breaks which have permitted most large companies to pay an effective rate of less than 5 percent.
Meanwhile, the report includes a call for some products and services to be moved out of the reduced value-added tax (VAT) brackets of 4 percent and 10 percent and put into the standard 21 percent category.
It also calls for increases to environmental, alcohol and electricity levies.
In a research paper published last year, BBVA bank said a cut of 3.5 percentage points in social contributions coupled with a 2 percentage point increase in consumer taxes would add 0.74 percent to gross domestic product and create more than 200,000 jobs in two years.
($1 = 0.7180 Euros)
Editing by Fiona Ortiz/Jeremy Gaunt