JUBA, Sudan (Reuters) - Six people were killed in clashes between rebel militias and south Sudan’s army on Friday and Saturday, the military said, a day before a referendum in which the south is expected to vote for independence.
The attacks cast a shadow over celebrations in other parts of the south -- attended by Hollywood star George Clooney and former U.S. President Jimmy Carter -- of the countdown to Sunday’s vote on whether the oil-producing region should secede.
The reports were a reminder of the deep rifts in the undeveloped south, which has been plagued by ethnic killings, rival militias and cattle rustling raids.
Philip Aguer, a spokesman for the southern Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) said his forces ambushed fighters loyal to militia leader Galwak Gai in oil-producing Unity state on Friday and Gai’s men launched a counter-attack on Saturday.
“They were coming from the north to disrupt the referendum. It is a known game. The spoilers are always here. They definitely came from Khartoum,” he said.
Southern leaders have regularly accused north Sudan of backing militias to try and disrupt the referendum in a bid to keep control of the region’s oil. Northern leaders have dismissed the accusations.
Aguer said SPLA forces killed two of Gai’s men and captured 26 on Friday, then killed four on Saturday. Gai was one of several southern militia leaders who rebelled after April elections, accusing the south’s government of fraud.
Carter said the south would need to embrace democracy and hold fresh, free polls if it wanted to succeed post secession.
“If there is a move toward autocracy, domination, deprivation of human rights -- that would be a catastrophe,” he told Reuters. [nMCD858421]
Carter said the government would also have to manage the high expectations of southerners who hope the vote will bring them immediate economic prosperity.
“There will be a great disillusionment,” he said.
The referendum was promised in a 2005 peace accord that ended decades of north-south conflict -- Africa’s longest civil war that killed an estimated 2 million people. The fighting left deep rifts between southern communities and analysts have warned old tensions could re-emerge to destabilize the region.
The referendum’s organizing commission said it had everything in place to start processing around 4 million registered voters for the week-long voting exercise.
“Today we have nothing to do. We are waiting for tomorrow ... A couple of months ago, no one believed this would be possible,” Chan Reek Madut, chair of the South Sudan Referendum Bureau (SSRB) said in the south’s capital Juba.
Preparations for the vote have been hit by logistical problems and delays. Northern and southern leaders also remain at loggerheads over how they would divide out oil revenues after a split and other issues.
Juba was on Saturday festooned with pro-independence banners as youth groups and campaigners held rallies and spontaneous celebrations in the count down to the vote.
Southern president Salva Kiir repeated promises that there would be no return to war with the north. “We are left only with a few hours to make the most ... important decision of our lifetime. I urge you to make the decision in a peaceful manner,” he said in a speech in Juba.
Clooney, a long time campaigner in Sudan, particularly over its separate Darfur conflict, flew back to the capital after a quick visit to the contested central region of Abyei.
“There is such an electricity in the air (in Juba),” he told Reuters. “I’ve never been around a place that gets to vote for their independence. To see the beginning of a new country, to see a country and a people that has longed for this for generations, to see the excitement that is in their eyes and in their hearts is really something spectacular to be around. It is an honor.”
Additional reporting and writing by Andrew Heavens in Khartoum; Editing by Janet Lawrence