June 22, 2018 / 12:13 PM / a month ago

New East Timor PM pledges to bring unity after political deadlock

DILI (Reuters) - Former East Timor independence fighter Jose Maria de Vasconcelos was sworn in as prime minister on Friday and pledged to bring unity to the tiny Southeast Asian nation after months of political deadlock.

Former East Timor independence fighter Jose Maria de Vasconcelos, popularly known as Taur Matan Ruak is seen following his swearing in ceremony as the country's new prime minister in Dili, East Timor June 22, 2018. REUTERS /Lirio da Fonseca

President Francisco Guterres dissolved parliament in January after former Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri’s minority government faced a legislative stalemate.

De Vasconcelos, known as Taur Matan Ruak, which means Two Sharp Eyes, is a former president.

He belongs to a three-party coalition, the Alliance of Change for Progress (AMP), that won 34 of the 65 seats up for grabs in May’s parliamentary election, the fifth since independence from Indonesia in 2002.

During his swearing-in at a restored presidential palace built during Portuguese colonial rule, he promised to “dedicate all my energies and knowledge to the defense and consolidation of independence and national unity”.

But illustrating challenges to forming a stable new government, Guterres a day earlier had rejected eight of the ministers put forward by Ruak because of corruption investigations.

Former East Timor independence fighter Jose Maria de Vasconcelos, popularly known as Taur Matan Ruak, (L) is greeted by East Timor's President Francisco Guterres (R) following his swearing in ceremony as the country's new prime minister in Dili, East Timor June 22, 2018. REUTERS/Lirio da Fonseca

A 2017 parliamentary election produced no clear winner, with Alkatiri’s Fretilin party winning just 0.2 percent more votes than CNRT, and forming a minority government in the country of 1.2 million people.

Guterres said the political deadlock had created “fear and uncertainty” and the new government needed to use its mandate to “boost national development, living conditions in the communities throughout the country and develop our economy”.

Asia’s youngest democracy has been largely peaceful in recent years following recurrent bouts of political instability that it suffered since independence.

But it has struggled to reduce poverty, stamp out corruption and develop its rich oil and gas resources.

The energy sector made up about 60 percent of gross domestic product in 2014 and more than 90 percent of government revenue.

Ruak said his new government would improve equality and develop the economy so it does not “just rely on interest from the petroleum fund”.

The AMP coalition includes the National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction (CNRT) party of independence hero Xanana Gusmao.

Gusmao, the country’s first president and a former prime minister, is expected to be take up a special ministerial post to advise Ruak, an AMP official has said.

Writing by Ed Davies; Editing by

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