NEW YORK (Reuters) - The number of U.S. inmates executed this year has reached a 25-year low as fewer death sentences are handed down and death row inmates clear their names or die of natural causes, the Death Penalty Information Center reported on Friday.
Fewer than 2,500 inmates are awaiting execution as 2018 draws to an end after 25 executions, making this the third consecutive year with fewer than 30 executions, the DPIC, a non-profit organization that collects data on the death penalty in the United States, said in its annual report.
“Public appetite for the death penalty has declined dramatically since the 1990s,” Robert Dunham, executive director of the DPIC, said in a phone interview. “The death penalty has been criticized for years because of its arbitrariness, because of its racial disparities, because it disproportionately sentences people to death who are poor, who are defendants of color, or who have mental illness or intellectual disabilities.”
Forty-two death sentences were imposed in 2018, following a trend of decline since nearly 300 sentences were handed down per year in the 1990s. Florida and Texas sentenced the most inmates with seven each. Many of those sentenced had committed multiple murders.
Some 164 death row inmates have been exonerated since 1973, which Dunham said is evidence that innocent people could have mistakenly been executed in the past.
The DPIC report also found that 72 percent of the inmates executed in 2018 showed significant evidence of mental illness, brain injury, or childhood trauma.
Advocates of the death penalty argue that it should remain legal to punish those who commit the most severe crimes. U.S. President Donald Trump’s administration has said it is considering expanding use of the death penalty for some federal crimes.
In October, Washington became the 20th U.S. state to abolish the death penalty. The state Supreme Court cited a study which found that black defendants were three to five times more likely to be sentenced to death than non-black defendants in similar proceedings.
A U.S. Supreme Court ruling in 1972 banned executions but they were reinstated in 1976.
Reporting by Gabriella Borter; Editing by Scott Malone and Bill Trott