NEW YORK (Reuters) - A leading U.S. lawmaker called on Tuesday for an investigation of whether the company at the center of the deadly meningitis outbreak violated federal laws covering potentially addictive drugs, a day after the health scare widened to new medications.
The U.S. meningitis outbreak continues to grow and has so far killed 15 people and infected 231, according to a tally from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Tuesday.
“We’re nowhere near the end of this problem. And we will see more patients reporting in ill and we’ll have to treat many more going forward,” Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious diseases expert at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville said on “CBS This Morning.”
The Food and Drug Administration’s on Monday widened its investigation of the cause of the fungal meningitis outbreak to other drugs made by a Massachusetts pharmacy, the New England Compounding Center (NECC) - a development which Schaffner called “ominous.”
“We’ll have to notify many more patients across the country that they may have been exposed to a fungal infection,” said Schaffner, who has consulted with the worst affected state of Tennessee.
Nearly 14,000 people nationwide are at risk of infection because they received injections from the suspect steroid medications shipped to 76 facilities in 23 states. Health authorities have not yet said how many more people may be affected by the additional drugs.
Another 19 people were reported stricken with fungal meningitis on Tuesday, bringing the total nationwide to 231. That total does not include two people who have a fungal infection from joint injections, so the total of infections reached 233.
In Washington, Massachusetts Democratic congressman Edward Markey called on the Justice Department to investigate whether NECC violated federal laws designed to stem illegal activity in controlled drugs.
NECC already faces multiple investigations by the FDA and several states, but Markey’s request could launch an even more serious probe involving the Drug Enforcement Agency, which oversees sales of potentially addictive or “controlled” drugs.
“This is a matter that I believe requires further investigation by the DEA to ensure that this facility, already believed to have broken Massachusetts state law, has not also skirted federal law related to controlled substances,” said Markey, a senior member of the committee that oversees business.
The FDA said Monday it was looking into two other drugs made by NECC, based outside of Boston in Framingham, Massachusetts.
The agency said it had received reports of a patient with possible meningitis who received an injection of a different steroid than the one found to have caused the deaths. It said Tuesday that one transplant patient was infected with a fungus linked after receiving a drug used in open heart surgery made by NECC. The FDA had originally said two heart patients were infected.
Another patient identified by the FDA received an injection of the steroid triamcinolone, also supplied by NECC.
During a conference call on Tuesday with doctors on the meningitis outbreak, an FDA official stressed that the two additional products had not been linked to confirmed infections.
“There’s a good probability they are not linked,” FDA official Janet Woodcock said. She asked doctors to contact patients injected since May to make sure they have no signs of infection.
NECC said in a statement that it was reviewing the new information from the FDA.
The FDA has been inspecting the NECC facilities, and on Tuesday Woodcock told doctors that based on the condition of the plant and other factors, “we really can’t assure the sterility of these products.”
The legal threat to NECC also mounted as more victims of meningitis filed lawsuits.
Lyn Laperriere, who remains in hospital with fungal meningitis, filed a federal lawsuit in Michigan on Tuesday. The lawsuit says he received an epidural injection of methylprednisolone acetate manufactured by NECC on September 6 and shortly afterward showed symptoms of fever, headache, stiff neck, nausea and vomiting as well as light sensitivity.
Laperriere went to a hospital in Ypsilanti, Michigan where he was admitted and began treatment first for bacterial meningitis which proved ineffective, the lawsuit states. He was later diagnosed with fungal meningitis and is being treated.
Brenda Bansale of Howell, Michigan, who also is hospitalized for fungal meningitis, filed a federal lawsuit in Detroit on Monday that contends she was injected on August 28 and developed severe headaches and nausea on October 4.
All but eight of the 23 states that received suspect medications from the Massachusetts specialist pharmacy have reported at least one case of fungal meningitis.
Meningitis is an infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Symptoms include headache, fever and nausea. Fungal meningitis is not contagious.
The outbreak has raised questions about how the pharmaceuticals industry operates. NECC engaged in a practice called drug compounding that is not regulated by the FDA, which generally oversees drug makers.
In compounding, pharmacies prepare specific doses of approved medications, based on guidance from a doctor, to meet an individual patient’s need.
A Reuters investigation found that NECC solicited bulk orders from physicians and failed to require proof of individual patient prescriptions as required under state regulations, e-mails to a customer showed.
State pharmacy regulators have said that NECC violated its license in Massachusetts by not requiring patient prescriptions before shipping products.
The 15 states reporting cases of meningitis are Tennessee, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, New Jersey, Texas, Idaho, Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia, Ohio and Florida.
Reporting by Susan Heavey in Washington, Michele Gershberg in New York and David Bailey in Minneapolis; Writing by Greg McCune; Editing by Vicki Allen and Cynthia Osterman