WASHINGTON/ZURICH (Reuters) - The Treasury Department said on Thursday it had reached tentative agreements with Switzerland and Japan to help banks in those countries comply with upcoming U.S. tax evasion regulations.
U.S. tax collectors are on track to begin penalizing foreign banks in 2014 for failing to disclose information to government authorities about clients who are U.S. citizens. Foreign banks have fretted about this, with some saying they could not comply due to domestic privacy laws.
Thursday’s agreements offer a compromise in which banks in Switzerland and Japan could meet U.S. and domestic regulatory demands by reporting some data directly to the U.S. Internal Revenue Service and other data to home governments.
The Swiss and Japanese deals expand the list of countries already cooperating with Treasury to implement the U.S. Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act, or FATCA, a 2010 anti-tax evasion law.
Treasury said in February it was negotiating with France, Germany, Italy, Spain and Britain to set up government-to-government information-sharing deals.
When the IRS starts collecting taxpayer data from abroad, it can check the data against information from individual U.S. tax returns to see if Americans are dodging taxes by hiding assets overseas and not reporting them to the IRS.
FATCA is particularly problematic for Switzerland, which has a tradition of strict bank secrecy. But the Swiss government said it would allow banks to comply and report accounts to U.S. authorities by granting an exception to Swiss criminal law.
“Ultimately, the purpose here is to force voluntary compliance,” said Scott Michel, a tax lawyer with Caplin & Drysdale. “You’re going to see this be the model for FATCA compliance going forward.”
The rules dictating exactly how FATCA will be enforced have not been finalized. Treasury officials have said the rules may be finished as soon as August.
The Swiss government is trying to get U.S. tax investigations against 11 banks - including Credit Suisse CSGN.VX and Julius Baer BAER.VX - dropped in exchange for the payment of fines and the transfer of client names.
The banks are suspected of helping wealthy Americans evade taxes through secret Swiss accounts. Flagship bank UBS UBSN.VX was forced in 2009 to pay a fine and release the names of 4,500 clients to U.S. officials to end a damaging probe.
Thursday’s deal with Switzerland was not connected to the U.S. Justice Department probes, a senior Treasury Department official said.
Switzerland is also seeking a deal to shield the remainder of its 300 or so banks from U.S. prosecution.
Swiss Finance Minister Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf said earlier this month that U.S. officials seemed to want to end the dispute before the presidential election in November.
While Switzerland and the United States have agreed elements of a deal, they still have to conclude a final agreement, which Switzerland said would be negotiated in the months ahead.
The Swiss Bankers Association said it welcomed the move, particularly the fact that banks would be able to hand over data directly to the U.S. authorities and not via the government as in the solution proposed with the five European states.
Reporting by Patrick Temple-West in Washington and Emma Thomasson in Zurich; Editing by Kevin Drawbaugh, Chizu Nomiyama and M.D. Golan