NEW DELHI (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The mother of a female student who was gang raped and killed on a Delhi bus more than five years ago supported a Thomson Reuters Foundation poll of experts on Wednesday that ranked India as the world’s most dangerous country for women.
India topped the survey of 548 experts in women’s issues due to the perceived high risk of sexual violence and slave labor faced by women, while war-torn Afghanistan and Syria ranked second and third followed by Somalia and Saudi Arabia. [L5N1SO5YS]
The Ministry of Women and Child Development on Wednesday dismissed the survey as “an effort to malign the nation”.
But Asha Singh, the mother of the 23-year-old woman whose death in December 2012 triggered global outrage and led to tougher laws against sexual abuse in India, said the poll should serve as a “reminder that things have not changed for women”.
“Every day, not even every day but every hour, an innocent girl, a woman gets raped here,” Singh told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
“I see truth in this survey. There is always a lot of talk but never any real stringent steps taken for women’s security. Neither in terms of justice nor preventive action.”
The survey - that repeated a similar poll in 2011 in which India was ranked fourth - has reignited debate over the safety of women and protection of their rights, dominating newspaper and television news headlines in India.
News website IndiaSpend published an article “How India became the world’s most dangerous country women”, highlighting the “failure to improve conditions” for women.
Online news portal FirstPost called the poll “a load of crock”, while another website, ThePrint, questioned the findings in an article headlined “Is India really the most dangerous place for women?”.
The Ministry of Women and Child Development said the survey was an effort to “draw attention away from real improvements seen” after the December 2012 attack.
“Ever since the unfortunate incident of 2012, the entire country has been alert about the safety of women and ensuring their equality at home, in the economy and in society at large,” the ministry said in a statement.
“The ranking of India is a surprise and clearly inaccurate.”
The ministry had earlier declined to comment on the survey results.
The National Commission for Women also rejected the poll that was released on Tuesday, saying it was “not representative of the country” of 1.3 billion people.
Earlier this year India approved the death penalty for the rape of girls under 12, and increased the prison term for the rape of older girls and women following nationwide disgust over the rape and murder of a Muslim girl in Jammu & Kashmir state.
Singh, however, urged the government to look again at the issue and fix a creaking criminal justice system, which she says has kept her daughter’s attackers - convicted and sentenced to death - alive.
“The government can choose to reject the poll or accept it but it must think about why this kind of situation is still so rife and why these kinds of surveys are being done,” she said.
“They can say ‘no, India is absolutely safe for women’ but what about those victims of rape, sexual assaults? Will they be able to say the same?”
Government data shows reported cases of crime against women rose by 83 percent between 2007 and 2016, when there were four cases of rape reported every hour.
The survey asked respondents which five of the 193 United Nations member states they thought were most dangerous for women and which country was worst in terms of healthcare, economic resources, cultural or traditional practices, sexual violence and harassment, non-sexual violence and human trafficking.
Respondents also ranked India as the most dangerous country for women in terms of human trafficking, including sex slavery and domestic servitude, and for customary practices such as forced marriage, stoning and female infanticide.
Reporting by Annie Banerji @anniebanerji; Additional reporting by Roli Srivastava in Mumbai; Editing by Belinda Goldsmith; Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters that covers humanitarian issues, conflicts, land and property rights, modern slavery and human trafficking, gender equality, climate change and resilience. Visit news.trust.org to see more stories