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U.S. could adopt carbon tax under a Biden presidency -ex-Fed Chair Yellen

LONDON, Oct 8 (Reuters) - Former Federal Reserve chair Janet Yellen said bipartisan concern over climate change could see the United States adopt a tax on carbon emissions, with the proceeds shared with households, if Democrat Joe Biden is elected President in November.

Yellen, who served as Fed chair from 2014-2018, said the combination of social injustices exposed by the coronavirus pandemic and Black Lives Matter protests, and wildfires in California, could boost support for the proposal.

“There really is a new kind of recognition that you’ve got a society where capitalism is beginning to run amok and needs to be readjusted in order to make sure that what we’re doing is sustainable and the benefits of growth are widely shared in ways they haven’t been,” Yellen told Reuters in an interview on Wednesday.

“What I see is a growing recognition on both sides of the aisle that climate change is a very serious concern and that action needs to occur,” she said.

Yellen was speaking ahead of the launch on Thursday of a report from a working group she co-chaired with former Bank of England Governor Mark Carney setting out steps governments, regulators, businesses and investors can take to accelerate a shift to a low-carbon future.

Among the recommendations, compiled by the G30 network of former central bankers, academics, policy-makers and financiers, was a gradually increasing price on carbon to help transition economies to net zero emissions.

Yellen has been working with a group here of Republicans, Democrats and companies known as the Climate Leadership Council on a proposal to tax climate-warming carbon emissions to encourage companies to shift away from fossil fuels.

The plan aims to halve carbon emissions by 2035 from 2005 levels with a tax starting at $40 per ton. While that would make products like gasoline more expensive, the plan would return dividends to families of about $2,000 in the first year.

“There’s no question that if President Trump loses and the Biden administration comes into place then climate change will be a very high priority,” Yellen said.

“I do see Republican support, and not only Democrat support, for an approach that would involve a carbon tax with redistribution. It’s not politically impossible,” she said.

Biden’s campaign did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Some oil companies and moderate Republicans, including former secretary of state James Baker, back the Climate Leadership Council, which unveiled its proposals in February.

There is no mention of a carbon tax in the Democratic National Committee Platform for the Nov. 3 polls. Biden’s climate change strategy favors direct federal investment in clean energy and measures including targets for electrifying transport and weatherizing buildings.

Nevertheless, Biden’s climate strategy document, launched in July, does mention that some cities, such as Boulder, Colorado, are using energy taxes to reduce emissions.

“There is a lot of focus on what do we need to do to change the direction to address long-standing problems, whether they’re of racial justice, or the distribution of income, or climate,” Yellen said. “That is a kind of awakening that I think has been taking place and I find that hopeful.” (Additional reporting by Valerie Volcovici in Washington; Reporting by Matthew Green; Editing by David Gregorio)