February 7, 2013 / 8:16 PM / 6 years ago

Drought expands in key U.S. farm states

* Severe drought still grips 87 pct of High Plains
    * Conditions worsen in Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado
    * Nebraska remains most drought-stricken state

    By Carey Gillam
    Feb 7 (Reuters) - Harsh drought conditions expanded in key
farm states in the nation's midsection over the last week,
climate experts said on Thursday.
   There has been some recent precipitation through the Plains
region but the frozen ground did not allow for much moisture to
penetrate into parched soils, according to the Drought Monitor
report, a weekly analysis of drought conditions put together by
a consortium of state and federal climate experts.
    The Plains states are key crop production areas,
particularly for hard red winter wheat, an important
bread-making crop. They are also critical areas for cattle and
other livestock production. 
    In Kansas, the level of exceptional drought - considered the
worst level - expanded to 36.16 percent of the state, up from
36.14 percent a week earlier, while the second-worst level of
drought, dubbed extreme, expanded to 79.54 percent of the state,
up from 79.53 percent, the Drought Monitor said.
    In Nebraska, roughly 77.47 percent the land area is
suffering from exceptional drought, up from 77.46 percent, and
96.28 percent of the state is still suffering from extreme
drought, unchanged from the prior week, the Drought Monitor
    Colorado saw exceptional drought expand to 24.92 percent of
the state, up from 13.50 percent the prior week.
    Thursday's Drought Monitor report showed severe drought
still gripping 87.25 percent of the High Plains, unchanged from
the prior week. Fully 100 percent of the land area in Kansas,
Colorado, Nebraska and Oklahoma remained engulfed in severe
drought or worse, according to the Drought Monitor. 
    Oklahoma did see some easing of drought over the last week
thanks to storms through the state in late January. 
    Conditions were also improving in the Midwest, where ongoing
drought - though not as severe as in the Plains - has been seen
as potentially hindering spring planting of new corn and soybean
    Jim Angel, state climatologist for Illinois, told Reuters
Thursday that forecasts show an increased chance of
above-average precipitation in February and February through
April in parts of the upper Midwest and Great Lakes region. He
said he was not worried about there being enough moisture in the
spring for planting and emergence of corn and soybean crops. But
he is worried about subsoil moisture levels in some areas of
Illinois, reserves that typically are needed for plant health in
July and August.
    Angel said there was great concern for the Plains.
    "It's a lot harder for them to shake off drought," Angel
    While the Plains states rank as the most drought-hit,
overall, 56.84 percent of the contiguous United States was in at
least "moderate" drought as of Feb. 5, a slight improvement from
57.68 percent the prior week. Exceptional drought expanded to
6.85 percent, up from 6.37 percent of the country.

 (Reporting by Carey Gillam in Kansas City; editing by Andrew
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