NEW YORK, Aug 3 (Reuters) - U.S private employers added
more jobs than expected in July, though less than in June, but
planned layoffs rose to a 16-month high, according to separate
surveys on Wednesday.
The data comes ahead of the U.S. government's key jobs
report on Friday, which is forecast to show the pace of job
creation accelerated last month. The economy is expected to
have gained 85,000 jobs, not enough to push the unemployment
rate below its current 9.2 percent.
U.S. private employers added 114,000 jobs in July, topping
economists' expectations, a report by a payrolls processor ADP
showed on Wednesday.
Economists surveyed by Reuters had forecast the ADP
National Employment Report would show a gain of 100,000 jobs.
June's private payrolls were revised down to an increase of
145,000 from the previously reported 157,000. The report is
jointly developed with Macroeconomic Advisers LLC.
A separate report on Wednesday showed the number of planned
layoffs at U.S. firms rose to a 16-month high in July as
sectors which had been seeing fairly few layoffs unexpectedly
Employers announced 66,414 planned job cuts last month, up
60.3 percent from 41,432 in June, according to a report from
consultants Challenger, Gray & Christmas, Inc.
INSTANT VIEW- US private sector jobs [ID:nN1E77205M]
Graphic - ADP v. the U.S. Labor Department:
Graphic - U.S. planned layoffs rise to 16-month high
Graphic - U.S. mortgage Applications rise
July's job cuts also were up from the same time a year ago,
rising 59.4 percent from the 41,676 job cuts announced in July
2010, and recording the largest monthly total since March,
"What may be most worrisome about the July surge is that
the heaviest layoffs occurred in industries that, until now,
have enjoyed relatively low job-cut levels," John A.
Challenger, chief executive officer of Challenger, Gray &
Christmas, said in a statement.
Layoffs in the pharmaceutical and retail sectors overtook
nonprofit and government job cuts last month, accounting for
20.32 percent and 16.93 percent of announcements respectively.
Job cuts at Merck & Co., Borders, Cisco Systems, Lockheed
Martin and Boston Scientific accounted for 57 percent of the
July total, according to Challenger, making July the first
month in seven in which the government sector did not shed the
"A casual observer certainly might conclude that the wheels
just fell off the recovery wagon," said Challenger.
For the first seven months of the year, government and
nonprofit profit job cuts still account for the largest share
of planned layoffs.
For 2011 so far, employers have announced 312,220 cuts,
down 8 percent from the first 7 months of 2010.
In a third report on Wednesday, applications for U.S. home
mortgages rose last week as interest rates fell, an industry
group said on Wednesday.
The Mortgage Bankers Association said its seasonally
adjusted index of mortgage application activity, which includes
both refinancing and home purchase demand, rose 7.1 percent in
the week ended July 29.
The MBA's seasonally adjusted index of refinancing
applications rose 7.8 percent, while the gauge of loan requests
for home purchases rose 5.1 percent.
"Factors such as negative equity and a weak job market
continue to constrain borrowers," Michael Fratantoni, MBA's
Vice President of Research and Economics, said in a statement.
While purchase activity increased last week, it remained
low by historical standards, he said.
Even though 30-year mortgage rates are back below 4.5
percent, the refinance index stands at still almost 30 percent
below last year's level, Fratantoni pointed out.
Fixed 30-year mortgage rates averaged 4.45 percent in the
week ending July 29, down 12 basis points from the week
The refinance share of mortgage activity increased to 70.1
percent of total applications from 69.6 percent the week
(Reporting by Leah Schnurr and Alexandra Alper, Editing by