Dollar set for second week of gains as focus turns to Fed

3 minute read

A U.S. dollar banknote is seen in this illustration taken May 26, 2020. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration

  • Greenback gives back most of week's gains as COVID fears ease
  • Euro softer after ECB pledged record low rates for longer
  • Aussie on course for fourth weekly slide as lockdowns weigh
  • Graphic: World FX rates

LONDON, July 23 (Reuters) - The dollar was set to end the week with small gains after a turbulent few days when currencies were buffeted by shifting risk appetite, with the market's focus now on next week's U.S. Federal Reserve meeting.

The dollar index was up 0.2% for the week, rising slightly on Friday to stand at 92.891.

But that was off a 3-1/2-month high of 93.194 hit on Wednesday, after strong Wall Street earnings helped investors regain some of the confidence lost to earlier worries the Delta variant of the coronavirus could derail the global economic recovery.

"The heavily European-weighted dollar index remains pretty close to its recent highs at 93.00, which is a good performance given the bearish re-assessment of US and global growth prospects that have taken place over the last month," ING strategists Chris Turner, Petr Krpata and Francesco Pesole said in a morning note.

"Dollar bulls will feel comfortable that the dollar out-performs on both a global recovery - where the Fed looks poised to begin policy normalisation - and during periods of risk aversion when commodity and EM (emerging market) currencies get hit."

The safe-harbour yen weakened about 0.2% for the week and last traded at 110.36.

Meanwhile, the euro traded flat over the period at $1.1772, unmoved by mixed French and German purchasing manager surveys. read more Surveys for the euro zone as a whole are due at 0800 GMT.

The European Central Bank on Thursday pledged to keep interest rates at record lows for even longer, as widely expected.

ECB President Christine Lagarde, in her media briefing, said a fresh wave of the coronavirus pandemic could pose a risk to the region's recovery, although she did offer a more balanced economic outlook.

While most analysts see the ECB's dovish pivot as weighing on the single currency, those at TD Securities say it could push up to $1.1851 in the near-term.

"The lack of hints on future policy moves is a moderate disappointment to those looking for a stronger dovish signal," they wrote in a research note.

The market's next major focus is the Federal Reserve's two-day policy meeting that wraps up on Thursday. Since the previous meeting on June 16, when Fed officials dropped a reference to the coronavirus as a weight on the economy, cases are spiking. read more

Many economists, however, still expect the meeting to produce some advancement in the discussions for a tapering of stimulus.

The British pound recovered from losses as steep as 1.3% for the week to trade just about flat at $1.3741, buoyed by the recovery in risk sentiment even with COVID-19 cases broadly on the rise.

However, Australia's dollar - often viewed as a proxy for risk appetite - slid 0.3% to $0.7360 on Friday and was headed for a 0.5% drop on the week, which would be a fourth straight weekly loss.

With half the Australian population languishing under lockdown, economists speculate the country's central bank could increase stimulus rather than decreasing it at its next policy meeting.

"The balance of risks point to more weakness in AUD in the near term," Commonwealth Bank of Australia strategist Joseph Capurso wrote in a client note.

Reporting by Ritvik Carvalho; additional reporting by Kevin Buckland in Tokyo; editing by Philippa Fletcher

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