U.S. crude stocks jump by nearly 9 million barrels- EIA

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The sun is seen behind a crude oil pump jack in the Permian Basin in Loving County, Texas, U.S., November 22, 2019. REUTERS/Angus Mordant

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Sept 8 (Reuters) - U.S. crude stockpiles surged by nearly 9 million barrels last week due to a combination of increased imports and ongoing releases from government emergency reserves, the Energy Information Administration said on Thursday.

Crude inventories (USOILC=ECI) rose by 8.8 million barrels in the week to Sept. 2 to 427.2 million barrels, compared with analysts' expectations in a Reuters poll for a 250,000-barrel drop.

The United States imported roughly 6.8 million barrels of crude per day (bpd) in the most recent week while exports dropped, and a release of another 7.5 million barrels from the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve also boosted commercial stocks.

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The releases, which have shrunk the SPR to its lowest in nearly four decades, are set to end in October and production growth may not be enough to prevent balances from shrinking. U.S. crude output has steadied at 12.1 million bpd.

Refinery crude runs (USOICR=ECI) fell by 309,000 bpd in the last week, and utilization rates (USOIRU=ECI) fell by 1.8 percentage points to 90.9% of overall capacity, largely due to a sharp drop in Midwest refining.

Gasoline stocks (USOILG=ECI) rose by 333,000 barrels in the week to 214.8 million barrels.​ Overall gasoline product supplied, a proxy for demand, was 8.8 million bpd over the last four weeks, down 8% from the year-ago period.

"This crude build is showing how the market is softening. The refinery utilization has been cut materially over the past few weeks as we’re down 900,000 bpd year on year for gasoline demand," said John Kilduff, partner at Again Capital LLC in New York.

Distillate stockpiles (USOILD=ECI), which include diesel and heating oil, rose by 95,000 barrels. Refiners have been trying to rebuild distillate inventories in anticipation of winter demand, while also satisfying purchases from overseas buyers, particularly in Europe.

Net U.S. crude imports (USOICI=ECI) rose by 1.36 million barrels per day, EIA said.

Oil prices rose modestly on the data. U.S. crude was up 1.7% to $83.33 a barrel while Brent gained 0.9% to $88.83 a barrel.

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Reporting By David Gaffen; additional reporting by Laura Sanicola Editing by Marguerita Choy

Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

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David Gaffen oversees a team writing and reporting on oil and gas throughout North America; he previously worked at The Wall Street Journal and TheStreet.com