Deforestation of Brazilian Amazon retreats from 15-year high

Forest fires in the Amazon rainforest in Brazil
An aerial view shows a deforested plot of the Amazon rainforest in Rondonia State, Brazil September 28, 2021. Picture taken September 28, 2021. REUTERS/Adriano Machado

SAO PAULO, Nov 30 (Reuters) - Deforestation in Brazil's Amazon rainforest fell in the 12 months through July, according to government data released on Wednesday, retreating from a 15-year high under outgoing President Jair Bolsonaro.

The destruction declined 11% from a year earlier to 11,568 square kilometers (4,466 square miles), according to annual data from Brazilian space research agency Inpe. That was still more Amazon deforestation than any year from 2009 to 2020.

"It's better to have a lower number than a higher number, but it's still a very high number - the second highest in 13 years," said Marcio Astrini, head of environmental advocacy group Climate Observatory.

The Amazon, the world's largest rainforest, absorbs vast amounts of carbon dioxide, a climate-warming gas that is released into the atmosphere through deforestation.

Ane Alencar, science director at the Amazon Environmental Research Institute, said that there has been no change in Bolsonaro's policy of weakening environmental agencies to explain the drop in deforestation.

Alencar and Astrini said that it was impossible to know immediately why deforestation fell, saying perhaps weather or economic cycles could be a factor.

The annual deforestation measure produced by Inpe's PRODES satellite monitoring program is far more accurate than its rapid alert DETER system, which publishes weekly data.

Forest destruction is Brazil's largest source of greenhouse gas emissions. The PRODES report released on Wednesday provides the benchmark against which Brazil measures whether it is meeting its environmental and climate commitments.

President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silvahas pledged to reverse soaring deforestation under Bolsonaro, who cut spending and staff for environmental enforcement.

The average deforestation in the past four years of Bolsonaro is roughly 60% higher than the previous four years. Bolsonaro's office did not immediately respond to request for comment.

"We're already seeing the consequences of deforestation. There is more drought, shorter rainy seasons, an increase in fires, an increase in temperatures," said Mariana Napolitano, science manager at non-profit WWF-Brasil.

Lula may face an uphill battle to demonstrate lower deforestation in his first year. This year's PRODES figure extends only to July, before record-high deforestation measured from August to October by Inpe's rapid alert system.

Those months will instead be reflected in the first annual PRODES data released under Lula in 2023.

"In the first year of the Lula government it will be very difficult to have a significant decrease in deforestation" to pre-Bolsonaro levels, Astrini said.

Reporting by Jake Spring Editing by Brad Haynes and Lisa Shumaker

Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

Thomson Reuters

Jake Spring reports primarily on forests, climate diplomacy, carbon markets and climate science. Based in Brazil, his investigative reporting on destruction of the Amazon rainforest under ex-President Jair Bolsonaro won 2021 Best Reporting in Latin America from the Overseas Press Club of America ( His beat reporting on Brazil’s environmental destruction won a Covering Climate Now award and was honored by the Society of Environmental Journalists. He joined Reuters in 2014 in China, where he previously worked as editor-in-chief of China Economic Review. He is fluent in Mandarin Chinese and Brazilian Portuguese.