Jan 20 (Reuters) - Health insurer UnitedHealth Group Inc (UNH.N) beat quarterly profit estimates for the fourth quarter on Wednesday, helped partly by lower-than-expected medical costs due to fewer elective surgeries as hospitals made room for COVID-19 patients.
For the most part of last year, health insurers gained as people afraid of contracting the virus also avoided hospital visits for routine and elective medical procedures during the height of the pandemic.
UnitedHealth reported a medical loss ratio - the percentage of premiums paid out for medical services - of 79.1% for 2020, improving from 82.5% a year earlier, capped by COVID-19 testing, treatment and vaccine costs.
The company said its profit was impacted by a recovery in demand for healthcare services and rise in costs related to its programs to make COVID-19 testing and treatment more accessible for its customers.
In contrast, rival Humana Inc (HUM.N) earlier this month said it expects potentially lower utilization of non-COVID healthcare services compared to usual levels, at least in the first few months of 2021.
UnitedHealth maintained its 2021 profit forecast from December and said it expected adjusted net earnings of $17.75 to $18.25 per share, including a $1.80 per share hit due to treatment and testing costs related to COVID-19.
The company reported adjusted earnings of $2.52 per share in the fourth quarter, beating estimates of $2.41 per share, according to IBES data from Refinitiv.
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