(Reuters Health) - Children and young adults with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who are treated with the stimulants amphetamine or methylphenidate face a small but significant risk of developing psychosis, with amphetamine products twice as likely to spark at problem, researchers say.
(Reuters Health) - The rate of first-time opioid prescriptions declined 54 percent between 2012 and 2017 in the U.S., largely because many doctors stopped prescribing the painkillers, according to a study of more than 86 million people covered by private insurance.
(Reuters Health) - Hospital residents working 80 hours a week get nearly as much sleep and provide comparable patient care whether their schedule is highly-structured or more flexible, according to a study looking at two types of extended shifts.
(Reuters Health) - Doctors in Australia say they have identified a second case of twins apparently created from one egg and two sperm, a boy-girl combination in whom the mother's DNA is identical in both babies but the father's DNA varies in each twin.
(Reuters Health) - A six-month program of aggressively washing and sanitizing at home after surgery can lower the risk of developing a potentially-deadly infection for people who harbor the antibiotic-resistant bacterium known as MRSA, a new study suggests.
(Reuters Health) - Twin baby girls joined at the head who were separated on June 6, 2017, are continuing their recovery, with one showing some developmental delays compared with her sister, according to an update of the case that also provides details of the techniques used in the surgery.
(Reuters Health) - Scratching the interior of the uterus before implanting a fertilized egg into the womb does not improve the chances that it will attach and develop into a baby, according to a large study of a popular in vitro fertilization (IVF) technique that now appears to be a waste of time and money.
(Reuters Health) - Researchers are reporting a link between doctor-targeted marketing of opioid products and the increase in U.S. deaths from overdoses.
(Reuters Health) - - The odds of a child dying before age 18 are far higher in the U.S. than in other high-income countries, with firearms and motor vehicle accidents accounting for much of the exceptionally high mortality, a new analysis shows.
(Reuters Health) - - In men with localized prostate cancer discovered because they had symptoms or noticed during a work-up for another medical problem, radical prostate surgery leads to an average of three extra years of life compared to a "watchful waiting" approach, researchers say.