Yellen says U.S. GDP data shows strength, but also healthy slowdown

Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank in Washington
U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen speaks at a news conference during the Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank in Washington, U.S., October 14, 2022. REUTERS/Elizabeth Frantz/File Photo

CLEVELAND, Oct 27 (Reuters) - U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen on Thursday said new GDP data shows strength in the U.S. economy but also some evidence of a healthy slowdown that could have a positive impact on fighting high inflation.

Speaking to reporters on a trip to Cleveland to tout the Biden administration's economic policies, Yellen said she still does not anticipate a recession, but the U.S. government has fiscal capacity to respond to economic weakness if appropriate.

The U.S. economy grew 2.6% in the third quarter, rebounding after contractions earlier this year, but the Commerce Department data overstated the nation's economic health as domestic demand was the weakest in two years because of the Federal Reserve's aggressive interest rate hikes.

"This is certainly a full employment economy with a hot labor market, which is good, but we want to see growth slow," Yellen said. "It's part of getting inflation under control."

"I've said many times I see a path to bringing inflation down while maintaining a strong labor market. And I think this data is consistent with what we would want to see," Yellen added.

Yellen said that she expects the economy to slow further, and the government has fiscal space to respond if necessary, but cautioned that this should not work against monetary policy.

"We need to be careful not to use fiscal policy to exacerbate an inflationary problem," Yellen said. "But if there were -- which I don't expect -- but if there were a deep recession, that was something that called for a response, I think we continue to have enough fiscal space to do so."

Yellen said the Treasury was continuing to study diminished liquidity in the U.S. Treasury debt market, saying this was a function of broader market volatility, but added: "We don't see problems."

She said Treasury was studying a set of longer-term reforms to boost liquidity and that easing the Federal Reserve's supplementary liquidity ratio requirement for banks was one potential strategy, "but it's for the banking regulators to decide."

She noted that Treasuries are now attracting a lot of foreign buyers because of their attractive yields.

Reporting by David Lawder; Editing by Chris Reese, Andrea Ricci and Daniel Wallis

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