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Pictures | Wed Mar 27, 2019 | 2:30pm EDT

Rise and fall of the Islamic State caliphate

Militant Islamist fighters take part in a military parade along the streets of northern Raqqa province, June 2014.  
  

REUTERS/Stringer

Militant Islamist fighters take part in a military parade along the streets of northern Raqqa province, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer

Militant Islamist fighters take part in a military parade along the streets of northern Raqqa province, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer
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Militant Islamist fighters ride horses as they take part in a military parade along the streets of Syria's northern Raqqa province, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer

Militant Islamist fighters ride horses as they take part in a military parade along the streets of Syria's northern Raqqa province, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer

Militant Islamist fighters ride horses as they take part in a military parade along the streets of Syria's northern Raqqa province, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer
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A militant Islamist fighter waving a flag, cheers as he takes part in a military parade along the streets of Syria's northern Raqqa province, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer

A militant Islamist fighter waving a flag, cheers as he takes part in a military parade along the streets of Syria's northern Raqqa province, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer

A militant Islamist fighter waving a flag, cheers as he takes part in a military parade along the streets of Syria's northern Raqqa province, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer
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Militant Islamist fighters waving flags, travel in vehicles as they take part in a military parade along the streets of Syria's northern Raqqa province, June 2014.   REUTERS/Stringer

Militant Islamist fighters waving flags, travel in vehicles as they take part in a military parade along the streets of Syria's northern Raqqa province, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer

Militant Islamist fighters waving flags, travel in vehicles as they take part in a military parade along the streets of Syria's northern Raqqa province, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer
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A man purported to be the reclusive leader of the militant Islamic State Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi makes what would be his first public appearance at a mosque in the center of Iraq's second city, Mosul, July 2014.    REUTERS/Social Media Website via Reuters TV

A man purported to be the reclusive leader of the militant Islamic State Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi makes what would be his first public appearance at a mosque in the center of Iraq's second city, Mosul, July 2014. REUTERS/Social Media Website via...more

A man purported to be the reclusive leader of the militant Islamic State Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi makes what would be his first public appearance at a mosque in the center of Iraq's second city, Mosul, July 2014. REUTERS/Social Media Website via Reuters TV
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A militant Islamist fighter uses a mobile phone to film his fellow fighters taking part in a military parade along the streets of Syria's northern Raqqa province, June 2014. 
  REUTERS/Stringer

A militant Islamist fighter uses a mobile phone to film his fellow fighters taking part in a military parade along the streets of Syria's northern Raqqa province, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer

A militant Islamist fighter uses a mobile phone to film his fellow fighters taking part in a military parade along the streets of Syria's northern Raqqa province, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer
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Civilian children stand next to a burnt vehicle during clashes between Iraqi security forces and al Qaeda-linked Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, June 2014.    REUTERS/Stringer

Civilian children stand next to a burnt vehicle during clashes between Iraqi security forces and al Qaeda-linked Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer

Civilian children stand next to a burnt vehicle during clashes between Iraqi security forces and al Qaeda-linked Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer
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Members of the Iraqi Special Operations Forces take their positions during clashes with the al Qaeda-linked Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in the city of Ramadi, June 2014.   REUTERS/Stringer

Members of the Iraqi Special Operations Forces take their positions during clashes with the al Qaeda-linked Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in the city of Ramadi, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer

Members of the Iraqi Special Operations Forces take their positions during clashes with the al Qaeda-linked Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in the city of Ramadi, June 2014. REUTERS/Stringer
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Displaced people from the minority Yazidi sect, fleeing violence from forces loyal to the Islamic State in Sinjar town, walk towards the Syrian border, on the outskirts of Sinjar mountain, August 2014.   REUTERS/Rodi Said

Displaced people from the minority Yazidi sect, fleeing violence from forces loyal to the Islamic State in Sinjar town, walk towards the Syrian border, on the outskirts of Sinjar mountain, August 2014. REUTERS/Rodi Said

Displaced people from the minority Yazidi sect, fleeing violence from forces loyal to the Islamic State in Sinjar town, walk towards the Syrian border, on the outskirts of Sinjar mountain, August 2014. REUTERS/Rodi Said
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A female member of the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) mourns over the grave of her fellow fighter, who was killed during clashes with the al Qaeda-affiliated Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, in Ras al-Ain, January  2014.  
  REUTERS/Rodi Said

A female member of the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) mourns over the grave of her fellow fighter, who was killed during clashes with the al Qaeda-affiliated Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, in Ras al-Ain, January 2014. ...more

A female member of the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) mourns over the grave of her fellow fighter, who was killed during clashes with the al Qaeda-affiliated Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, in Ras al-Ain, January 2014. REUTERS/Rodi Said
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A man holds up a knife as he rides on the back of a motorcycle touring the streets of Tabqa city with others in celebration after Islamic State militants took over Tabqa air base, in nearby Raqqa city, August 2014. . REUTERS/Stringer

A man holds up a knife as he rides on the back of a motorcycle touring the streets of Tabqa city with others in celebration after Islamic State militants took over Tabqa air base, in nearby Raqqa city, August 2014. . REUTERS/Stringer

A man holds up a knife as he rides on the back of a motorcycle touring the streets of Tabqa city with others in celebration after Islamic State militants took over Tabqa air base, in nearby Raqqa city, August 2014. . REUTERS/Stringer
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Smoke rises over Syrian town of Kobani after a U.S.-led coalition airstrike, as seen from the Mursitpinar border crossing on the Turkish-Syrian border in the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, October 2014. 
REUTERS/Kai Pfaffenbach

Smoke rises over Syrian town of Kobani after a U.S.-led coalition airstrike, as seen from the Mursitpinar border crossing on the Turkish-Syrian border in the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, October 2014. REUTERS/Kai Pfaffenbach

Smoke rises over Syrian town of Kobani after a U.S.-led coalition airstrike, as seen from the Mursitpinar border crossing on the Turkish-Syrian border in the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, October 2014. REUTERS/Kai Pfaffenbach
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A Kurdish refugee child cries as he and others wait inside a fenced refugee camp to pay their last respects to a Kurdish fighter killed during the battle for Kobani against Islamic State, in the Turkish border town of Suruc, November 2014. 
 REUTERS/Yannis Behraki

A Kurdish refugee child cries as he and others wait inside a fenced refugee camp to pay their last respects to a Kurdish fighter killed during the battle for Kobani against Islamic State, in the Turkish border town of Suruc, November 2014. ...more

A Kurdish refugee child cries as he and others wait inside a fenced refugee camp to pay their last respects to a Kurdish fighter killed during the battle for Kobani against Islamic State, in the Turkish border town of Suruc, November 2014. REUTERS/Yannis Behraki
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Displaced Sunni people, who fled the violence in the city of Ramadi, arrive at the outskirts of Baghdad, April 17, 2015.  REUTERS/Stringer

Displaced Sunni people, who fled the violence in the city of Ramadi, arrive at the outskirts of Baghdad, April 17, 2015. REUTERS/Stringer

Displaced Sunni people, who fled the violence in the city of Ramadi, arrive at the outskirts of Baghdad, April 17, 2015. REUTERS/Stringer
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Shi'ite fighters fire a rocket during clashes with Islamic State militants in Salahuddin province, March 2015.  REUTERS/Ahmed Al-Hussaini

Shi'ite fighters fire a rocket during clashes with Islamic State militants in Salahuddin province, March 2015. REUTERS/Ahmed Al-Hussaini

Shi'ite fighters fire a rocket during clashes with Islamic State militants in Salahuddin province, March 2015. REUTERS/Ahmed Al-Hussaini
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Islamic State militants lead what are said to be Ethiopian Christians along a beach in Wilayat Barqa, in this still image from an undated video made available on a social media website in April 2015.   REUTERS/via Reuters TV

Islamic State militants lead what are said to be Ethiopian Christians along a beach in Wilayat Barqa, in this still image from an undated video made available on a social media website in April 2015. REUTERS/via Reuters TV

Islamic State militants lead what are said to be Ethiopian Christians along a beach in Wilayat Barqa, in this still image from an undated video made available on a social media website in April 2015. REUTERS/via Reuters TV
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A Syria Democratic Forces fighter helps civilians who were evacuated by the SDF from an Islamic State-controlled neighbourhood of Manbij, in Aleppo Governorate, Syria, August 2016.   REUTERS/Rodi Said

A Syria Democratic Forces fighter helps civilians who were evacuated by the SDF from an Islamic State-controlled neighbourhood of Manbij, in Aleppo Governorate, Syria, August 2016. REUTERS/Rodi Said

A Syria Democratic Forces fighter helps civilians who were evacuated by the SDF from an Islamic State-controlled neighbourhood of Manbij, in Aleppo Governorate, Syria, August 2016. REUTERS/Rodi Said
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A detained man accused of being an Islamic State fighter sits in front of newly displaced men near a check point in Qayyara, east of Mosul, Iraq, October 2016. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

A detained man accused of being an Islamic State fighter sits in front of newly displaced men near a check point in Qayyara, east of Mosul, Iraq, October 2016. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

A detained man accused of being an Islamic State fighter sits in front of newly displaced men near a check point in Qayyara, east of Mosul, Iraq, October 2016. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic
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Iraqi special forces soldiers fire weapons at Islamic State fighters in Mosul, November 2016. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

Iraqi special forces soldiers fire weapons at Islamic State fighters in Mosul, November 2016. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

Iraqi special forces soldiers fire weapons at Islamic State fighters in Mosul, November 2016. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic
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A man cries over a body of a baby killed by a mortar round fired by Islamic State fighters in Mosul, Iraq, November  2016. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

A man cries over a body of a baby killed by a mortar round fired by Islamic State fighters in Mosul, Iraq, November 2016. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

A man cries over a body of a baby killed by a mortar round fired by Islamic State fighters in Mosul, Iraq, November 2016. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic
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Boys play with a ball in front of oilfields burned by Islamic State fighters in Qayyara, south of Mosul, Iraq, November 2016. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

Boys play with a ball in front of oilfields burned by Islamic State fighters in Qayyara, south of Mosul, Iraq, November 2016. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

Boys play with a ball in front of oilfields burned by Islamic State fighters in Qayyara, south of Mosul, Iraq, November 2016. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic
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An internally displaced man has his beard trimmed as people flee the Islamic State stronghold in the town of Bartella, east of Mosul, December 2016. REUTERS/Ammar Awad

An internally displaced man has his beard trimmed as people flee the Islamic State stronghold in the town of Bartella, east of Mosul, December 2016. REUTERS/Ammar Awad

An internally displaced man has his beard trimmed as people flee the Islamic State stronghold in the town of Bartella, east of Mosul, December 2016. REUTERS/Ammar Awad
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General view of the library of the University of Mosul burned and destroyed during the battle with Islamic State militants, in Mosul, Iraq, January 2017.  REUTERS/Ahmed Jadallah

General view of the library of the University of Mosul burned and destroyed during the battle with Islamic State militants, in Mosul, Iraq, January 2017. REUTERS/Ahmed Jadallah

General view of the library of the University of Mosul burned and destroyed during the battle with Islamic State militants, in Mosul, Iraq, January 2017. REUTERS/Ahmed Jadallah
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Displaced Iraqi women who just fled their home,rest in the desert as they wait to be transported while Iraqi forces battle with Islamic State militants in western Mosul, Iraq, February 2017. REUTERS/Zohra Bensemra

Displaced Iraqi women who just fled their home,rest in the desert as they wait to be transported while Iraqi forces battle with Islamic State militants in western Mosul, Iraq, February 2017. REUTERS/Zohra Bensemra

Displaced Iraqi women who just fled their home,rest in the desert as they wait to be transported while Iraqi forces battle with Islamic State militants in western Mosul, Iraq, February 2017. REUTERS/Zohra Bensemra
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A man cries as he carries his daughter while walking from an Islamic State-controlled part of Mosul towards Iraqi special forces soldiers during a battle in Mosul, Iraqw, March 2017. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

A man cries as he carries his daughter while walking from an Islamic State-controlled part of Mosul towards Iraqi special forces soldiers during a battle in Mosul, Iraqw, March 2017. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

A man cries as he carries his daughter while walking from an Islamic State-controlled part of Mosul towards Iraqi special forces soldiers during a battle in Mosul, Iraqw, March 2017. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic
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Members of Iraqi Counter Terrorism Service (CTS) forces look at the positions of Islamic State militants during clashes in western Mosul, Iraq, May 2017.      REUTERS/Danish Siddiqui

Members of Iraqi Counter Terrorism Service (CTS) forces look at the positions of Islamic State militants during clashes in western Mosul, Iraq, May 2017. REUTERS/Danish Siddiqui

Members of Iraqi Counter Terrorism Service (CTS) forces look at the positions of Islamic State militants during clashes in western Mosul, Iraq, May 2017. REUTERS/Danish Siddiqui
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Iraqi soldiers from 9th Armoured Division give drops of water to a dehydrated child rescued earlier by soldiers at the frontline, during the ongoing fighting between Iraqi forces and Islamic State militants near the Old City in western Mosul, June 2017.   REUTERS/Erik De Castro

Iraqi soldiers from 9th Armoured Division give drops of water to a dehydrated child rescued earlier by soldiers at the frontline, during the ongoing fighting between Iraqi forces and Islamic State militants near the Old City in western Mosul, June...more

Iraqi soldiers from 9th Armoured Division give drops of water to a dehydrated child rescued earlier by soldiers at the frontline, during the ongoing fighting between Iraqi forces and Islamic State militants near the Old City in western Mosul, June 2017. REUTERS/Erik De Castro
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A female Kurdish fighter from the People's Protection Units (YPG) fires a long range sniper rifle at Islamic State militants in Raqqa, Syria, June 2017.   REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

A female Kurdish fighter from the People's Protection Units (YPG) fires a long range sniper rifle at Islamic State militants in Raqqa, Syria, June 2017. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

A female Kurdish fighter from the People's Protection Units (YPG) fires a long range sniper rifle at Islamic State militants in Raqqa, Syria, June 2017. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic
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A Syrian Democratic Forces fighter sit as medics treat his comrades injured by sniper fired by Islamic State militants in a field hospital in Raqqa, Syria, June 2017.  
 REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

A Syrian Democratic Forces fighter sit as medics treat his comrades injured by sniper fired by Islamic State militants in a field hospital in Raqqa, Syria, June 2017. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

A Syrian Democratic Forces fighter sit as medics treat his comrades injured by sniper fired by Islamic State militants in a field hospital in Raqqa, Syria, June 2017. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic
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A tank of the Emergency Response Division fires at Islamic State militant in the old city of Mosul, Iraq, July 2017. REUTERS/Alaa Al-Marjani

A tank of the Emergency Response Division fires at Islamic State militant in the old city of Mosul, Iraq, July 2017. REUTERS/Alaa Al-Marjani

A tank of the Emergency Response Division fires at Islamic State militant in the old city of Mosul, Iraq, July 2017. REUTERS/Alaa Al-Marjani
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A member of Iraqi security forces holds a flag of Islamic State militants on the top of a destroyed building from clashes in the Old City of Mosul, Iraq, July 2017.    
 REUTERS/Thaier Al-Sudani

A member of Iraqi security forces holds a flag of Islamic State militants on the top of a destroyed building from clashes in the Old City of Mosul, Iraq, July 2017. REUTERS/Thaier Al-Sudani

A member of Iraqi security forces holds a flag of Islamic State militants on the top of a destroyed building from clashes in the Old City of Mosul, Iraq, July 2017. REUTERS/Thaier Al-Sudani
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Fighters of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) dance along a street in Raqqa, Syria, October 2017.  
 REUTERS/Erik De Castro

Fighters of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) dance along a street in Raqqa, Syria, October 2017. REUTERS/Erik De Castro

Fighters of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) dance along a street in Raqqa, Syria, October 2017. REUTERS/Erik De Castro
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A member of the Syrian Democratic Forces calls his comrades during the fighting with Islamic State fighters in Raqqa, Syria, August 2017. REUTERS/Zohra Bensemra

A member of the Syrian Democratic Forces calls his comrades during the fighting with Islamic State fighters in Raqqa, Syria, August 2017. REUTERS/Zohra Bensemra

A member of the Syrian Democratic Forces calls his comrades during the fighting with Islamic State fighters in Raqqa, Syria, August 2017. REUTERS/Zohra Bensemra
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An Iraqi woman Sana Ibrahim al-Taee, 64, whose five sons were killed by Islamic State militants, is seen with her grandchildren at her home in Mosul, Iraq, July 2018.  
  REUTERS/Ari Jalal

An Iraqi woman Sana Ibrahim al-Taee, 64, whose five sons were killed by Islamic State militants, is seen with her grandchildren at her home in Mosul, Iraq, July 2018. REUTERS/Ari Jalal

An Iraqi woman Sana Ibrahim al-Taee, 64, whose five sons were killed by Islamic State militants, is seen with her grandchildren at her home in Mosul, Iraq, July 2018. REUTERS/Ari Jalal
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Flares are seen in the sky during fighting in the Islamic State's final enclave, in the village of Baghouz, Deir Al Zor province, Syria, March 2019. REUTERS/Rodi Said

Flares are seen in the sky during fighting in the Islamic State's final enclave, in the village of Baghouz, Deir Al Zor province, Syria, March 2019. REUTERS/Rodi Said

Flares are seen in the sky during fighting in the Islamic State's final enclave, in the village of Baghouz, Deir Al Zor province, Syria, March 2019. REUTERS/Rodi Said
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