Factbox: How COVID-19 in Southeast Asia is threatening global supply chains

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SINGAPORE, Oct 6 (Reuters) - Fresh coronavirus outbreaks in Southeast Asia have hurt factory activity across industries, threatening the region's recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic and disrupting global supplies of goods such as apparels, automobiles, and electronics.

Coronavirus curbs have led companies to shut factories and suspend or reduce operations at a time when Asia's manufacturing sector is already grappling with rising raw material costs and signs of a slowing Chinese economy. read more

Vietnam, Malaysia and Thailand are three of the region's major manufacturing hubs and produce goods for some of the world's largest consumer brands.

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A coronavirus wave since April forced Vietnam's largest cities and industrial hubs to impose strict lockdowns, prompting electronics, apparel and footwear manufacturers to suspend or reduce operations. The restrictions have been eased in recent weeks.

The outbreak initially hit northern industrial areas, where suppliers for Apple (AAPL.O), Samsung (005930.KS) and other global tech firms are located. read more

In May, the northern province of Bac Giang ordered four industrial parks, including three that house production facilities of Taiwan's Foxconn (2317.TW), to temporarily shut down. read more

The outbreak spread further south and, in July, Ho Chi Minh City and neighbouring industrial provinces imposed strict lockdown measures.

That month, Taiwan's Pou Chen Corp (9904.TW), which makes footwear for Nike (NKE.N) and Adidas (ADSGn.DE), suspended operations at its plant in Ho Chi Minh City and Changshin Vietnam, a South Korean firm manufacturing shoes for Nike, shut three of its factories. read more

Nike has cut its fiscal 2022 sales expectations and warned of holiday delays. Buyers of Apple's new iPhone 13 are facing longer-than-expected delivery times because of the outbreak in Vietnam, where components for the device's new camera module are assembled. read more

The Vietnam Textile and Apparel Association said several international fashion brands have shifted their orders away from Vietnam and 60% of apparel and footwear makers in the country have been fined for slow deliveries.


Several automakers and semiconductor companies have said in recent months that pandemic-related disruptions in Malaysia were hitting supply chains. read more

Malaysia imposed a lockdown in June as infections hit record levels but has gradually eased restrictions on manufacturing since July.

Curbs in Malaysia, which supplies about 67% of the global rubber glove market, also forced many glove makers to suspend operations in June and July. read more

Malaysia is home to factories serving semiconductor makers such as Europe's STMicroelectronics (STM.BN) and Infineon (IFXGn.DE), as well as major carmakers including Toyota Motor Corp (7203.T) and Ford Motor Co (F.N).

STMicroelectronics said in July it temporarily closed its assembly plant in Malaysia for 11 days due to the coronavirus.

German chipmaker Infineon said in August the firm will take a hit in the high double-digit million euros from shutdowns at its Malaysia plant.

That same month, Ford Motor Co said it would temporarily shutter the U.S. plant that builds its best-selling pickup truck due to a semiconductor-related parts shortage caused by the Malaysian outbreak. read more


Thailand imposed tougher restrictions in July and August in high-risk provinces including Bangkok. read more

To avoid the factory shutdowns seen elsewhere in Southeast Asia, the government adopted "bubble and seal" measures, whereby confirmed COVID-19 cases are sent for treatment and close contacts isolated from the other workers.

But several companies have had to temporarily close operations for deep cleaning after COVID-19 cases in recent months, including Charoen Pokphand Foods (CPF.BK), Thai Plastic Industrial (TPLASm.BK), and Soomboon Advance Technology (SAT.BK).

In July, Toyota (7203.T) halted vehicle production at three of its Thai plants due to parts shortages caused by the pandemic. read more .

Thailand is Asia's fourth-largest autos assembly and export hub for some of the world’s largest carmakers such as Toyota and Honda (7267.T). read more

A shortage of migrant workers, due to strict border controls, infections and quarantines, has also hit food and rubber production.

Siam Agro-Food Industry, a Thai processed fruit exporter, has only been able to fill 400 of the 550 roles it has available as workers, who returned to their home countries, are unable to enter Thailand due to border closures.

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Reporting by Liz Lee in Kuala Lumpur and Orathai Sriring in Bangkok; Writing by Ana Nicolaci da Costa; Editing by Sam Holmes

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