Danes vote in battle for centre ground as political, economic crises loom

  • PM Frederiksen calls for political unity at time of crisis
  • A quarter of voters remain undecided; outcome very uncertain
  • Polls show 49%-41% lead for the left-leaning block
  • Party of former PM Rasmussen polling at 10%, could become king-maker

COPENHAGEN, Nov 1 (Reuters) - Danes went the polls on Tuesday with Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen hoping for a vote of confidence in her handling of the pandemic and for her leadership to overcome soaring inflation and geopolitical insecurity.

The election has turned into a battle for centrist voters, with former prime minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen likely to become a king-maker with his new party, the Moderates, as neither the ruling left nor the right-wing opposition looks set to win a majority.

The vote comes as high energy prices and the highest inflation in four decades eat into household economies, and only a month after the sabotage of two pipelines carrying gas from Russia to Germany through Danish waters fuelled an unprecedented sense of insecurity among Danes.

Polls indicate that Frederiksen, 44, and her Social Democratic Party will gain slightly to again become the biggest party in parliament.

It is however far from certain that she will be able to stay in power. A poll published late on Monday by Gallup for daily Berlingske showed that 24% of voters had not yet made up their minds.

"I've been in doubt. It wasn't until I stood inside the ballot box that I chose who to vote for," Vibeke, who declined to give her surname, told Reuters outside a polling station in Copenhagen.

"I was actually leaning towards the Moderates. But I don't know about Lars Lokke Rasmussen, whether he might be much more right-wing than you think. That is why I stuck with the Social Democrats," she said.

Frederiksen, who became Denmark's youngest-ever prime minister in 2019, is seeking to form a broad coalition across the traditional left-right divide, arguing that political unity is needed at a time of international uncertainty.

After a trailblazing election campaign, polls now indicate that Rasmussen and his Moderates, founded only four months ago, stand to become the third biggest party in parliament, behind the Social Democrats and his former party, the Liberals.

"I voted for the Moderates. I think they will come up with something fresh, something new," Anders Lindeburg Moller, a university student, told Reuters in Copenhagen.

While Rasmussen backs the idea of a broad government, he has stubbornly declined to say whom he would choose to lead a new government.

"I've never experienced a government across the middle, so it would be interesting to see how that might work. Can they even agree on anything?" Moller said.

Although Rasmussen has not formally announced his candidacy to become prime minister, polls indicate voters would prefer him over right-wing candidates Jakob Ellemann-Jensen of the Liberal Party and Soren Pape Poulsen of the Conservatives.

"That's not in my mind. The idea is to create a new political situation," Rasmussen told reporters on Tuesday when asked if he hoped to become prime minister for the third time.


Frederiksen was widely applauded for steering Denmark safely through the COVID pandemic, but her tenure was stained by a controversial decision to cull the country's entire mink herd in late 2020 over fears that they could spread a mutated variant of the coronavirus.

The order turned out to be illegal, resulting in the exit of a minister and a parliamentary probe. While Frederiksen avoided any legal consequences, it did result in fading support for her party and it shortened her tenure after a threat of a no-confidence vote forced her to call an early election.

The mink affair has also fuelled criticism from opposition lawmakers of Frederiksen seeking to centre power around herself and her office.

"I think she's become a little bit too focused on power," said Vitus Duus, a part-time student, whose primary concern is the economy and climate change.

"I have not been satisfied with the economic thinking of the leftist government, which is why I have voted for the right wing," he told Reuters.

Frederiksen is under pressure to come up with solutions to the highest inflation in decades. So far, the government has been careful to use its favourite tools during the pandemic - massive aid packages and looser fiscal policy to stimulate the economy.

Tight spending leaves little room to provide assistance or to improve health care and other welfare services, a key topic in the campaign.

The right-wing opposition is worried that generous economic policies of a left-leaning government will stoke inflation and herald an economic crisis similar to the late-1970s and early 1980s.

The latest poll by Voxmeter indicates a 49%-41% lead for the left-leaning block over the right-leaning block, with the Moderates polling at 10% of votes.

Polling stations close at 8 p.m., followed immediately by two exit polls.

Public broadcasters DR and TV2 will give initial estimates of the results later in the evening, with a reliable, preliminary outcome due to be announced between midnight and 2 a.m. Wednesday morning.

Reporting by Jacob Gronholt-Pedersen and Nikolaj Skydsgaard, additional reporting by Stine Jacobsen; Editing by Nick Macfie and Andrew Heavens

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Based in Copenhagen, Jacob oversees reporting from Denmark, Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands. Specializes in security and geopolitics in the Arctic and Baltic Sea regions, as well as large corporates such as brewer Carlsberg and shipping group A.P. Moller-Maersk. His most impactful reporting on Arctic issues include a report on how NATO allies are slowly waking up to Russian supremacy in the region, uncovering how Greenland represents a security black hole for Denmark and its allies, and how an abundance of critical minerals has proven a curse for Greenland. Before moving to Copenhagen in 2016, Jacob spent seven years in Moscow covering Russia's oil and gas industry for Dow Jones Newswires and The Wall Street Journal, followed by four years in Singapore covering energy markets for WSJ and Reuters. As a Russian speaker, he has been involved in covering the war in Ukraine. He publishes a newsletter each weekday focused on the most important regional and global news. Contact Jacob via email if you are interested in receiving the newsletter.